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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the axial skelton made up of the
rib cage, spinal colomn,skull
what is the appendicular skeleton made up of
upper and lower extremities and shoulder and pelvis
what is bone composed of
20% water calcium phospherous an d magnesium
six functions of skeletal system
protection of vital organs
gives body shape
place for muscles to attach
produces rbc,wbc,and platelets
stores body calcium
describe spinal column
stack of vetebrae that support head and trunk,keeps body errect
the rib cage consists of
12 pair of ribs attach by cartilage to the sternum anterioly and to thoracic vertabrae posterioly
the top 10 ribs attatch
both anterioly and posterioly
the bottom 2 ribs attatch
only by thoracic spine
rib cage can be classified by
true and false ribs
false and true ribs consider
the first 7 are considered true
the last false because
primary function of rib cage
protect heart and lungs
how is long bones constructed
3 regions epiphysis,diaphysis,and metaphysis
what does the epiphysis contain
red bone marrow-rbc/wbc and platelets
diaphysis contain
yellow marrow -contains fat
metaphysis contain lattice work
connecting epiphysis to diaphysis
how do long bones grow
epiphysis growth plate starts off as cartilage becomes ossified at maturity
three kinds of synovial joints
pivitol-wrist,neck elbow
hinge joint knee ,elbow
ball and socket-hip,shoulder
6 types of fractures
what is a greenstick fx
not a complete break most common in children
what is a simple/closed fx
a complete fx of bone/no skin broken
what is a compound/open fx
complete break with skin broken
usually needs pins to repair
what is a comminuted fx
more than 1 fx with several bone fragments
what is a impacted fx
fx bones jammed toghether
what is a depressed fx
found in skull broken pieces driven inward
what is a spiral fx
twisted around bone
what is a colles
a fx in wrist
progressive deterioration of joint cartilage,usually hip,knee joint pain stiffness,grating and joint fluid
rheumotoid arthritis
chronic inflammatory disease
occuring intermittenly,damages synovial membrane,causing edema
and congestion,bone atrophy,deformities
inflammation of bursa,painful inflamation of the join sac
congenial hip dysplasia
dislocation of childs hip at birth
painful displacement of the bones of the joint ,usually fingers,shoulders,knees often resulting in joint fx
tennis elbow,inflammation of forearm extensor tendon attachment to humerus.
metabolic disease resulting in severe joint pain from deposits of urates
hallux valagus
lateral deviation of the great toe with enlarged 1st metatarsal
and the formation of a bunion
herniated disk
causes severe back pain ,radiating deep into buttocks and down back of legs
porous brittle bones
a lateral curvature of spine
usually thoracic,resulting from spina; column rotation
a tear in the ligaments resulting in pain
carpal tunnel syndrome
decreased sensitivity in the first 2 fingers and thumb often with atrophy of the thumb muscle on palm side
an inflammed bursa of the great toe filled with fluid and covered with a callus
sway back a bowing of back usually thoracic area
partial or incomplete dislocation of the articulating surfaces of bones at a joint causing deformity pain and extremity length change