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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
map projection
a way of showing the curved earth on a flat surface
topography
the physical features of a place or region
mountain
high, rugged land that rises above the surrounding land
elevation
height above sea level
hill
area of raised land that is lower and less steep than a mountain
plain
large area of level or gently rollin land
plateau
large area of high flat, or gently rolling land
climate
average weather of a place over a period of 20-30 years
culture
all the things that make up a people's entire way of life
nuclear family
traditionally, a wife, husband, and their children
extended family
several generations living in one household
monotheism
the belief and worship in one god
polytheism
worship of more than one god
democracy
form of government in which the people have supreme power
republic
form of government in which the people choose the leaders who represent them
dictatorship
form of government in which a ruler holds power by force
five themes of geography
location
place
interaction between people and their environment
movement
region
technology
skills and tools a people use
diffusion
movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
subculture
group of people within a society who have theri own separate beliefs, values, and customs
ethnocentrism
judging other cultures by the standards of one's own culture
racism
belief that one racial group is superior to another
stone age
a period of time in pre-history that is characterized by the use of stone tools
agricultural revolution
a period of time when people learned to cultivate and harvest crops so that they could move away from a nomadic existence
nomad
a person who follows their food supply from place to place rather than settling down and raising food in one location
Industrial Revolution
a period in time when things began to be made, in huge numbers, in factories rather than by individual craftsmen at home.
Cold War
a time in the 1950's-1980's when America and the Soviet Union were not actually at war, but were very distrustful of one another
capital
money that can be invested in business ventures for the purpose of making a profit.
entrepreneur
a person who risks his or her money to set up a business.
urbanization
growth of cities; the process where people move to the cities from the countryside in search of work
imperialism
control of one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
nationalism
pride in and loyaly to one's own country (nation)
migration
the movement of people or animals from one place to another, sometimes in a repreating pattern
globe
a spherical representation of the earth
magma
obsidian/pumice