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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Brachium
Arm; shoulder to elbow
Antebrachium
Forearm; elbow to wrist
Cephalic vein and basilic vein connected by
Median cubital vein
Cephalic vein found on the ____ side of the arm/forearm
Lateral (radial)
Basilic vein found on the _____ side of the arm/forearm
Medial (ulnar)
Order of veins leading to superior vena cava
Brachial --> medial to clavicle; becomes axillary ---> after junction of internal jugular becomes brachiochephalic
Location of cephalic tributary to axillary vein
Medial to pectoralis minor tendon
What muscle forms the anterior axillary fold
Pectoralis minor
What muscles form the posterior axillary fold
Teres major and latissimus dorsi
Clavicle attaches proximally to _____; distally to _____
Sternum; acromion
Coracoid allows for attachment of ______ directed muscles that ____________
Anteriorly; wrap around chest wall
Acromion projects what direction
Anteriorly
Commonly injured shoulder joint
Acromioclavicular joint
Most commonly fractured bone in the body
Clavicle
3 Grades of Joint Separation (S.T.D.)
1. Stretched
2. Torn
3. Displaced
Displacement of joint requires:
reduction of joint - putting back in place
Fibrous capsule lined with
Synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid for lubrication
What structure serves to deepen glenoid cavity
Labrum
2 muscles with indirect function on UE
Pec minor and serratus anterior
Muscles of the rotator cuff (4)
Infraspinatus
Supraspinatus
Subscapularis
Teres minor
Branches of subclavian (IDTV)
Internal thoracic
Descending scapular
Thyrocervical trunk
Vertebral
Branches of Axillary from proximal to distal (Steve Told Lacy She was Hot)
Superiorthoracic
Thoracoacromial trunk
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Humeral circumflex (Anterior/Posterior)
Largest branch from axillary a.
Subscapular a.
Thoracoacromial Branches (Andy Cooper Drives a Pontiac)
1. Acromial
2. Clavicular
3. Deltoid
4. Pectoral
Circumflex scapular a. branches from
Subscapular a.
Branches of the thyrocervical trunk a. (I Said Thyrocervical Artery)
-Ascending cervical a.
-Inferior thyroid a.
-Transverse cervical a.
-Suprascapular a.
--Another possibility: Dorsal scapular (same function as transverse cervical?)
Branches in collateral circulation to scapular (She Said I Do Try)
Subscapular
Suprascapular
Intercostal a.
Dorsal scapular
Transverse cervical
Clinical importance of collateral scapula circulation
Can clamp between thyrocervical trunk and subscapular a. if damage to axillary a. & still get blood flow to UE
Contents of deltopectoral/clavipectoral triangle
Thoracoacromial a.
Suprascaplular a. and nerve in relation to transverse scapular ligament (Army goes over, navy goes under)
Artery goes over, nerve goes under
Lateral and medial pectoral n. named for:
Brachial plexus position, not anatomical position
Blow to the side of the chest injuring serratus anterior could damage which nerve?
Long thoracic
Any damage to ______ nerve will prevent the scapula from working; Name of disorder
Long thoracic ; Winged scapula
Most commonly torn shoulder muscles
Supraspinatus
Most common direction of dislocation
Anterior
Bankart lesion
As shoulder is pulled out of joint, humeral head tears inferior part of labrum
Hill-Sachs Lesion
Glenoid puts a dent in the head of the humerus