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92 Cards in this Set

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Abscess
A collection of pus in a cavity produced by tissue disintergration and displacement.
Abscess, Dental
An abscess, often close to the root of a tooth, which destroys bone and adjoining soft tissues.
Achondroplasia
short-limbed dwarfism due to a dominant genetic mutation.
Acromegaly
A chronic disease marked by enlargement of the hands, feet and bones of the head and chest. It is caused by excessive secretion, or sensitivity to growth hormone developing in adult life.
Alveolar bone
The part of the bone of the jaw to which the teeth are attached.
Anthelmintic
A remedy for infestation with worms.
Anthracosis
Blackening of the lungs due to deposits of carbon particles.
Aorta
The main arterial trunk of the body
Apendicular adhesions
Bands of tissue produced as a result of inflammation of the appendix and which unite those surrounding parts which normally are separate.
Arteriosclerosis
Narrowing and hardening of the lumen of the arteries.
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint.
Ascites
Abnormal accumilation of a fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Atheromatous
Affected with or pertaining to atheroma (the process affecting blood vessels which involves the formation of cholesterol deposits which later become fibrotic or calcified).
Calcification
The depositation of calcerous matter within organic tissue so that it becomes hardened.
Carcinoma
A malignant tumour originating in epithelial cells. These cells cover the external surface of the entire body and line all hollow structures within the body with the exception of blood and lymphatic vessels.
Cataract
Opacity in the crystalline lens of the eye.
Cauterisation
The act of burning tissue to stop bleeding.
Cervical spine
That part of the spine related to the neck.
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gall bladder.
Cholelithiasis
The formation of stones in the gall bladder.
Cirrhosis
A chronic progressive inflammation of the liver associated with distortion, toughening and atrophy.
Cleft Palate
A congenital fissure in the midline of the hard palate.
Conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva (the mucous membrane lining the eyelids and anterior surface of the eyeball)
Cretenism
A congenital thyroid dysfunction producing physical and mental retardation.
Dental attrition
The process of wearing down the biting surfaces of the teeth by mastication.
Dental caries
Invasion of the tooth substance by micro-organisms; associated with dietary sugars.
Dysplasia
Abnormal development of tissue.
Endoscope
An instrument for examining the interior of hollow organs.
Eunuchoid
Term applied to a male in whom the testes have not developed or where the external genitals may be complete but the internal secretion is lacking.
Fibroadenoma
A tumour in which there is dense formation of fibrous tissue.
Furunculosis
A condition of being affected by furnacles or boils.
Galactagogue
An agent which increses the secretion or flow of milk.
Gynaecomastia
A condition in the male in which the mammary glands are excessively developed.
Haematuria
The presence of blood in the urine.
Halitosis
Fetid or offensive breath.
Hernia
Protrusion of abdominal contents through the abdominal wall.
Hernia, scrotal
Hernia of the groin which has descended into the scrotum.
Histology
The branch of biological science which is concerned with the anatomy of tissues and their microscopic cellular structure.
Hydatid
A cystic stage in the life cycle of the parasite Echinococcus granulosis
Hydrocephalus
An abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull.
Hypertonic solution
A solution which exerts an osmotic pressure.
Hypertrophy
An increase in the number or size of the cells of which a tissue is composed as a result of increase in function of that tissue.
Infantile megacolon
A condition, usually congenital, in which there is a great dilation of part or the whole of the large intestine.
Keratosis senilis
A lesion on the skin seen in elderly people.
Kyphosis
The excessive forward curvature of the spine.
Lactose
The natural sugar found in milk.
Leucoma
A white scar of the cornea.
Meningioma
A benign tumour of the meninges (the coverings or sheathes of the brain and spinal cord).
Mitral valve
The valve separating the left atrium from the left ventricle in the heart.
Naevus
Any birthmark or localised abnormality of developmental origin.
Narcotic
A drug which induces a stuporous condition or sleep.
Osmotic
Relating to osmosis (the movement of a solvent across a membrane to an area where there is a higher concentration of solution to which the membrane is impermeable).
Osteo-arthristis
Chronic arthritis of a degenerative type associated with age or trauma.
Osteocartilaginous exostosis
An outgrowth made up of bone and cartilage extending from the surface of a bone.
Osteochondroma
A tumour composed of both bony and cartilaginous tissues.
Osteomyelitis
Inflammation of the interior of a bone, especially affecting the marrow spaces.
Osteoporosis
Rarefaction of bone
Osteosarcoma
A malignant tumour of bone cells.
Pathogenesis
The mode of origin and development of diseased conditions.
Peridontal disease
Inflammation and eventual erosion of the structures surrounding a tooth.
Periostitis
Inflammation of the periosteum (the connective tissue covering of bone)
Pluerisy
Inflammation of the pleura (the membrane which covers the lungs).
Pneumothorax
The presence of air within the thorax, resulting in partial or complete collapse of the lung.
Poliomyelitis
Acute inflammation of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord due to an enterovirus infection which may result in paralysis of the limbs.
Polydactyly
The presence of more than the norman number of fingers or toes.
Prolapse
The sinking down or protrusion of a part of the body or organ.
Pseudohermaphroditsm
A congenital condition in which the gonads are either testes or ovaries but the external genitals are either characteristic of the opposite sex or a mixture of both male and female.
Psoas muscle
The long muscle which flexes the hip joint, extending from the lumber vertebrae to the femur.
Rickets
A disturbance of the calcium/phosphorus metabolism in the growing child as a result of vitamin D deficiency.
Sacral erosion
destruction of the sacrum (the composite bone formed by the fusion of the sacral vertebrae, forming the back of the pelvis).
Sacro-iliac joint
The joint formed between the sacrum and the ileum in the pelvis.
Sand pneumoconiosis
A disease of the respiratory tract caused by the inhalation of particles of sand.
Scapula
Shoulder blade
Schistosomiasis
A group of diseases caused by trematode parasitic flukes of the family Schistomatidae. They live in the veins of various internal organs and lay eggs which reach the exterior mainly by the urine or faeces.
Scoliosis
Lateral curvature of the spine.
Serology
The medical science which is concerned with the study of blood sera, identifying group-specific substances, proteins and enzymes.
Smallpox
A generalised virus infection with a vesicular rash (variola).
Solar keratosis
A lesion of the skin seen in elderly people with long continued exposure to the sun.
Spina bifida
A defect in the development of the vertebral column with variable protrusion of the contents of the spinal canal through the gap.
Splenomegaly
Enlargement of the spleen.
Squamous
Resembling a scale; platelike.
Squamous cell papilloma
A stalked (skin) tumour linked with squamous cells.
Talipes equinovarus
Club foot.
Temporomandibular joint
The joint which connects and articulates the temporal bone and the mandible in the skull.
Tendo Achilles
The tendon which joins the calf muscle to the heel. It is used extensively in walking, running and jumping.
Tetraplegia
Paralysis of both arms and legs.
Tibia
The long bone between the knees and ankle joints.
Tomography
Body-section radiography. A radiographic technique which shows images of structures lying in a predetermined plane of tissue, while blurring out by movement the images of the structures of other planes, above or below.
Trachoma
An eye infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Untreated, it can lead to blindness.
Ulcer
A lesion of the skin or mucous surface in which the superficial cells are destroyed and deeper tissues exposed in an open sore.
Vascular
Pertaining to a blood vessel or vessels.
Vesicovaginal fistula
A communication between the bladder and the vagina.