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21 Cards in this Set
As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me by will but poor a thousand crowns, and as thou sayst, charged my brother on his blessing to breed me well; and there begins my sadness. My brother Jacques he keeps at school and report speaks goldenly of his profit. For my part, he keeps me rustically at home or, to speak more properly, stays me here at home unkempt; for call you that keeping for a gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His horses are bred better, for besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught to manage and to that end riders dearly hired; but I, his brother, gain nothing under him but growth, for the which his animals on his dunghills are as much bound to him as I.
Orlando to servant Adam at the start of the play
-Eldest son of Sir Rowland de Bois, Oliver has inherited the estate because of the gentry practice of "promigeniture"
-he is not provided with the 1000 pounds he was owed to start his life
-shows themes of Youth vs. age
-youth were thought to be those without their true identity
-compares himself to animals- social issues about treatment of workers/the poor
-deprived of education but still possesses an inner nobility
There’s no news at the court, sir, but the old news: that is, the old Duke is banished by his younger brother the new Duke, and three or four loving lords have put themselves into voluntary exile with him, whose lands and revenues enrich the new Duke; therefore he gives them good leave to wander.
They say he is already in the Forest of Arden and a many merry men with him, and there they live like the old Robin Hood of England. They say as many young gentlemen flock to him every day and fleet the time carelessly as they did in the golden world.
Charles the wrestler to Oliver
-The fighting of the dukes parellels that of Oliver/Orlando aquire by birth vs. credibility
-The new duke + oliver are both jealous that their siblings are well-liked by the public
-temporal dislocation to the forest of arden - a pastoral, green world that people go to to get perspective, however there are elements of reality to remind us we aren't there
-forest differnt from midsummer nights dream: pastoral is an ideal world= not wild or necessarily free
-court vs country
No, some of it is for my child’s father. O, how full of briers is this working-day world!
They are but burs, cousin, thrown upon thee in holiday foolery. If we walk not in the trodden paths our very petticoats will catch them.
-Rosalind to Celia after meeting Orlando
-Rosalind is expressing a sexual awareness, talking about Orlando as her child's father
-Celia's reference to burs- problems have an occasion for knowledge
-this is the typcal movement of comedy from pistis (pathway) of a habit well worn to gnostic (knowledge)
He’ll go along o’er the wide world with me.
Leave me alone to woo him. Let’s away,
And get our jewels and our wealth together,
Devise the fittest time and safest way
To hide us from pursuit that will be made
After my flight. Now we go in content
To liberty and not to banishment.
-Celia is telling Rosalind how she will convinve Touchstone to come with them
-Old Duke can attest to going to the forest as "liberty". The pastoral world and his ability to philosophize and live quietly contrast greatly with the anger and violence in Duke Frederick's court
-so technically, while they are being fored to leave, they view it more as being liberated from the horrible court to the quiet nature of the forest, instead of being banished
Now, my co-mates and brothers in exile,
Hath not old custom made this life more sweet
Than that of painted pomp? Are not these woods
More free from peril than the envious court?
Here feel we not the penalty of Adam,
The season’s difference – as the icy fang
And churlish chiding of the winter’s wind,
Which when it bites and blows upon my body
Even til I shrink with cold, I smile and say:
That feelingly persuade me what I am.’
Sweet are the uses of adversity,
Which like the toad, ugly and venomous,
Wears yet a precious jewel in his head;
And this our life, exempt from public haunt,
Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,
Sermons in stones, and good in everything.
Duke Senior to his fellow banished court members
-more in touch with reality in the court
-the forest provides a refuge- those who inhabit it are "foreign" not from the forest
-there is a balance between the real world and the ideal world (safe, but still have problems like hunger/danger)
"All the world's a stage, And all the men and woman merely players. They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time fits into many parts, his acts being seven ages..."
Jaques- after Duke Senior has been introduced to Orlando
-his speech tells us more about Jaques than about life itself
-classic melancholic character
-reduces life to certain stages but this is disproven by looking at Orlando and Adam
-Jaques refused to participate in the "festive world" anda s a result gets made fun of.
-He feels superior through his apparent mastery of life
-he is alienated in the world of the play and does not obtain any transformation- he is unable to obtain the "release" from the festive world to obtain a viable perspective on life
Thou see’st we are not all alone unhappy:
This wide and universal theatre
Presents more woeful pageants than the scene
Wherein we play in
Duke to Jaques: saying their life isnt so bad: in the pastoral world, one can be themselves
-Also aluding to man being a player in a theatre, however without such a pessimistic view as Jaques
Blow Blow, thou winter wind,
Thou art not so unkind 175
As man’s ingratitude;
Thy tooth is not so keen,
Because thou art not seen,
Although thy breath be rude.
Hey-ho, sing hey-ho 180
Unto the green holly,
Most friendship is feigning,
Most loving mere folly.
The hey-ho, the holly,
This life is most jolly. 185
Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,
That dost not bite so nigh
As benefits forgot;
Though thou the waters warp,
Thy sting is not so sharp 190
As friend remembered not.
Hey-ho, sing hey-ho
Unto the green holly,
Most friendship is feigning,
Most loving mere folly. 195
The hey-ho, the holly,
This life is most jolly
Amiens- member of Dukes group
-sings to help alleviate Orlando's troubles
-sense of unhappiness is shared= can take comfort in this
-we are players in the worlds stage= unhappy things are common and we cannot control the fate that brings them= but we can all share the common negative things in life and take comfort in that
Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself, it is a good life; but
in respect that it is a shepherd’s life, it is naught. In respect that it
is solitary, I like it very well; but in respect that it is private, it is a
very vile life. Now in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; 5
but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life,
look you, it fits my humour well
Touchstone to Corin:
-discussing court vs. county
-same reasons for liking it provide a reason for disliking it
-How if the kiss be denied?
-Then she puts you to entreaty, and there begins newmatter.
-Who could be out, being before his beloved mistress?
-Marry, that should you if I were your mistress, or I should
think my honesty ranker than my wit.
-What, of my suit?
-Not out of your apparel, and yet out of your suit. Am not I
-I take some joy to say you are, because I would be talking of
-Well, in her person, I say I will not have you.
-Then, in mine own person, I die.
-Interchange between Rosalind as Ganyemede and Orlando when Orlando comes to be "cured" of his love
-Shows Orlando's idealistic and naive view on love
-Rosalind wants him to think more deeply about love
-disguise allows her to see what Orlando is like as a lover and to help him better himself
No, faith, die by attorney. The poor world is almost six 75
thousand years old and in all this time there was not any man died
in his own person, videlicet, in a love-cause
Rosalind to Orlando
-while she is "curig him" of his unrealistic love
-is telling him that he won't die of his love- that authentic love does not do that to an individual
-Or else she could not have the wit to do this: the wiser, the
waywarder. Make the doors upon a woman’s wit, and it will out at the casement; shut that, and ’twill out at the keyhole; stop that,’twill fly with the smoke out at the chimney.
-A man that had a wife with such a wit, he might say, ‘Wit,
-Nay, you might keep that check for it till you met your
wife’s wit going to your neighbour’s bed.
-And what wit could wit have to excuse that?
-Marry, to say she came to seek you there: you shall never
take her without her answer unless you take her without her tongue.
O, that woman that cannot make her fault her husband’s occasion, let her never nurse her child herself for she will breed it like a fool.
Rosalind and Orlando
-women have an impressionable wit
-Rosalind (a woman) can use her wit to teach the man Orlando
"Then there is no true lover in the forest, else sighing every minute and groaning every hour would detect the lazy foot of time as well as a clock"
Rosalind who has just been introduced as Ganymede to Orlando
-talking about time and love
-her description of love is more of a foolish love- time has a perceptible quality and is subject to our situation
-Just as we can have different perspectives on love: Rosalinds view on love is more realistic than Phoebe/Silvius, Orlando, and more attached than that of Touchstone/Audrey. She has the distance to be able to appreciate love and wont loser herself in it but can experience it to its full intensity
It is my only suit,
Provided that you weed your better judgements
Of all opinion that grows rank in them
That I am wise. I must have liberty
Withal, as large a charter as the wind,
To blow on whom I please: for so fools have.
And they that are most gall`ed with my folly,
They most must laugh. And why, sir, must they so?
The why is plain as way to parish church:
He that a fool doth very wisely hit,
Doth very foolishly, although he smart,
If he seem senseless of the bob. If not,
The wise man’s folly is anatomised
Even by the squand’ring glances of the fool.
Invest me in my motley; give me leave
To speak my mind, and I will through and through
Cleanse the foul body of th’infected world, If they will patiently receive my medicine.
Jaques is talking about meeting Touchstone
-he wants to be a fool
-he thinkgs his gift to the world is that he knows more than everyone, his intellect marks him as superior
-Touchstone is more complex, a counterbalance to Jaques
-Touchstone is present, in the moment, "just there" he brings a sophistication to the forest
-talks more constructively to other characters
Good ev'n, gentle friend. Cover thy head, cover thy head. Nay, prithee, be covered. How old are you friend?
Touchstone speaking to William (who loves Audrey)
-Touchstone is putting himself up on a higher level, giving himself a sense of social superiority
-Touchstone can't help himself while Jaques seems invested in his superiority
-Jaques tries to see through things and say wise things, while Touchstone just does by his natural sense of logic
Good my lord, bid him welcome. This is the motley minded gentleman that I have so often met in the forest. He hath been a courtier, he swears.
Jaques to Duke Senior
-uses a legal language for duelling (verbal duelling)
-But for the seventh cause. How did you find the quarrel on the seventh cause?
-Upon a lie seven times removed...I did dislike the cut of a certain courtier's beard. He send me word if I said his beard was not well cut, he was in the mind it was. THis is called the Retort Courteous. If he would send me word he cut it to please himself. This is called the Quip modest. If again it was not well cut, he disabled my judgement. This is called the reply churlish. If again it was not well cut, he would answer I spake not true. This is called the Reproof Valiant. If again it was not well cut, he would say I lie. THis is called the Countercheck Quarrelsome. And so to the Lie Circumstantial and the Lie Direct.
-Reveals Touchstone's knowledge of the court, how he can see through it and see the social convention
-"ifs" can see the world in a different way if there is an "if"
-highlights plays hypothetical nature
-retort curious= legality (of the court) + dueling (verbally)
No, that same wicked bastard of Venus that was begot of 170
thought, conceived of spleen, and born of madness, that blind
rascally boy that abuses everyone’s eyes because his own are out, let
him be judge how deep I am in love. I’ll tell thee, Aliena, I cannot
be out of the sight of Orlando. I’ll go find a shadow and sigh till he
Celia and Rosalind are discussing after Orlando his left from their "love curing session"
-Rosalind is telling Celia how deeply in love she is
-She calls Celia Aliena: celia realizes her and Rosalind will not be as close as they once were
West of this place, down in the neighbour bottom;
The rank of osiers by the murmuring stream,
Left on your right hand, brings you to the place. 75
But at this hour the house doth keep itself:
There’s none within.
Celia to Oliver
-Oliver enters, interupting Rosalind and Silvius who has just brought her a letter from Phoebe
-Up until this point Celia has not spoke alot, but once Oliver enters, she opens up more (to Oliver)
-THis widens the gap between Celia and Rosalind. Her role can change, she no longer has to be just Rosalind's support
Welcome, young man.
Thou offer’st fairly to thy brother’s wedding:
To one his lands withheld, and to the other
A land itself at large, a potent dukedom. –
First, in this forest, let us do those ends
That here were well begun and well begot;
And, after, every of this happy number
That have endured shrewd days and nights with us
Shall share the good of our return`ed fortune
According to the measure of their states.
Meantime forget this new-fall’n dignity
And fall into our rustic revelry.
Duke Senior to Jaques de Bois (Orlando's brother)
who has brought the news that they are no longer banished. Everything is restored, all conflicts are resolved
--Sense of circularity of play
If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 'tis true that good play needs no epilogue.
-gives the audience a safe landing back to reality
-"If" part ofplay's world
-Our assent to a fictional world
-highlights the contract/hypotheticl quality of watching aplay
-a play is wise and watching shows a simple slice of life for people that have a presence of mind to enjoy life