Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/24

Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sex-
biological, primary and secondary sex characteristics
Gender-
social characteristics, masculine vs. feminine
Culture-
socialization, learned, gender discrimination
Biology-
socialization reflects inborn tendencies, patriarchies vs. matriarchies
Culture
Biology
What are the gender differences in behavior?
Sociological viewpoints of differences in behavior
social factors cause gender differences in behavior; physical differences lead to separation of groups
Gender inequality
Men- active/strong; Women- passive/weak
Masculine stereotype- instrumental
Feminine stereotype- expressive
Gender stratification
Different access to privileges
Unequal access to power/prestige
Society controls members
Gender inequality
Study of married couples
sexism
Prejudice based on a person’s sexual category
Women as a minority group
Based on gender
Ascribed status
Socialization- dependence
Work roles/household roles
Non- Caucasian females
Suffrage movement
Right to vote, 19th amendment
WWII – shortage of workers
Women left the home
Continued gender inequality
Coronary bypass surgery- women vs. men
Rise of feminism
belief that women should be politically, economically, and socially equal to men
Origin of women as a minority group
Origin of women as a minority group
Patriarchy vs. matriarchy
Social consequences of biology
Hunting and gathering societies
Struggle for equal rights
Second class citizens
Husband and wife one person- him
Rise of feminism: belief that women should be politically, economically, and socially equal to men
sex typing
the assoc. of behaviors w/ one sex or the other
Male vs. female activities
Varies by culture
Prestige given to male activities
Gender and Education
2/3 of illiterate adults are women
Gap between men and women (closing)
Professional degrees
Gender tracking-
Politics
unequal access to national decision making
Gender inequality in sports
Title IX
WNBA, WPFL
Media coverage lacking
Gender inequality in everyday life
General devaluation of femininity in U.S.
Femininity= lack of accomplishment
Inequality in conversation
Gender inequality in the workplace
The Pay Gap- women average less than men in every nation
U.S.- women earn about 65% of what men earn (it’s actually gone down!)
All levels of education
Due to job choice and discrimination
Occupational segregation
The Pay Gap-
women average less than men in every nation
The glass ceiling
barrier that keeps people from rising past a certain point
Women in support positions
Crack glass ceiling
The Glass Escalator
men in traditionally female occupations accelerated into higher level positions, paid more
Violence against women
China, Europe, India
Female infanticide
Female circumcision- Africa, Malaysia
Gender inequality of violence
Forcible rape vs. date rape
Murder
Violence in the home- spouse battering, marital rape, incest
Sexual harassment- abuse of one’s position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone
Quid pro quo
Hostile environment
Blatant sex discrimination
Subtle sex discrimination
Covert sex discrimination
Sexual harrassment
abuse of one’s position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone
Women in the criminal justice system
Judges more lenient w/ women killers

Minority women and traditional cultures
Dependence, poverty

Connection between violence and masculinity must be broken