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94 Cards in this Set

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Abtruseness
Arcane
Arthritis
Inflammation of a joint or a state characterized by inflammation of the joints
Asthma
An inflammatory disease of the lungs characterized by reversible airway obstruction
Atrophic
Denoting ATROPY - a wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished cellular proliferation, decreased cellular volume, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.
Auscultation
Listening to the sounds made by the various body structures as a diagnostic method
Belligerent
Bruit
Cancer
Term used to indicate any of various types of malignant neoplasms, most of which invade surrounding tissue, may metastasize to several sites, and are likely to recur after attempted removal and kill patient unless adequately treated.
Cardiovascular
Relating to the blood vessels or the circulation
Cervical Disk Herniation
Protrusion of the cervical disk from its normal anatomical position
CHIEF COMPLAINT (heading)
Chiropractor
One who is licensed and certified to practice CHIROPRACTIC - a system that uses the recuperative powers of the body and the relationship between the musculoskeletal structures and functions of the body, particularly the spinal column and nervous system, in the restoration and maintenance of health.
Clubbing
A condition affecting the fingers and toes in which proliferation of distal soft tissues, especially the nail beds, results in thickening and widening of the extremities of the digits; the nails are abnormally curved, the nail beds excessively compressible, and skin over them red and shiny.
Cyanosis
A dark bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
Decubitus
The position of the patient in bed; e.g., dorsal, lateral
Defecate
To perform DEFECATION - the discharge of feces from the rectum
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
A chronic metabolic disorder in which the use of carbohydrate is impaired and that of lipid and protein is enhanced. It is caused by an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin and is characterized, in more severe cases, by chronic hyperglycemia, glycosuria, water and electrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and coma. Long term complications include neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, generalized degenerative changes in large and small blood vessels, and increased susceptibility to infection.
Diaphragmatic
Relating to a diaphragm
Diarrhea
An abnormally frequent discharge of semi-solid or fluid fecal matter from the bowl. This word denotes not merely abnormal looseness of stools but also an increase in the urgency and frequency of defecation.
Disk Space
DISPOSITION(heading)
Dysuria
Difficulty or pain in urination
Ecchymosis / Ecchymnoses
A purplish patch caused by extravasation ( ) of blood into the skin, differing from petechiae only in size.
Edema
An accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues, swelling and increased girth
Enuresis
Involuntary discharge of or leakage of urine
Epilepsy
A chronic disorder characterized by paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to excessive neuronal discharge, and usually associated with some alteration of consciousness. The clinical manifestations of the attack may vary from complex abnormalities of behavior including generalized or focal convulsions to momentary spells of impaired consciousness. These clinical states have been subjected to a variety of classifications, none has been universally accepted to date.
Erythema
Redness due to capillary dilation, usually signaling a pathologic condition (inflammation, infection)
Excursions
Any movement from one point to another, usually with the implied idea of returning again to the original position
Exostosis
A cartilage-capped bony projection arising from any bone that develops from cartilage
Extraocular Movements (look up in another reference)
Adjacent to but outside the eyeball
Foramen
An aperture or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure.
Flexion / Extension films
The act of flexing or bending, e.g., bending of a joint to approximate the parts it connects; bending the spine so that the concavity of the curve looks forward
Fundus / Fundi
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit
Gallblader
A pear shaped organ on the inferior surface of the liver, in a hollow between the right lobe and the quadrate lobe; it serves as a storage reservoir for bile.
Gastrointestinal (GI)
Relating to the stomach and intestine
Genitalia
The organs of reproduction or generation, external and internal
Genitourinary (GU)
Relating to the organs of reproduction and urination collectively
Greater Trochanter
A strong process at the proximal and lateral part of the shaft of the femur, overhanging the root of the neck; it gives attachment to the gluteus medius and minimus, piriformis, obturator internus and externus, and gemelli muscles.
Guaiac-Negative
Reagent used to test for occult blood
Heart Attack
Heart Disease
HEENT (heading)
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Hemiparesis
Weakness affecting one side of the body
Hemoptysis
Spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS (heading)
Hypertension
High blood pressure; transitory or sustained elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure to a level likely to induce cardiovascular damage or other adverse consequences.
Hyposthenuria
Excretion of urine of low specific gravity, due to inability of the tubules of the kidneys to produce a concentrated urine
Incontinence / Incontinent
Inability to prevent the discharge of any of the excretions, especially of urine or feces
Intercostal Space
Between the ribs
Kidney Disease
Melena
Passage of dark colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by the intestinal juices
Mental Illness
Myocardial Infarction
Infraction of the middle layer of the heart, consisting of cardiac muscle
Neuromuscular
Referring to the relationship between nerve and muscle, in particular to the motor innervation of skeletal muscles and its pathology
Noncontributory
Organomegaly
Osteoma
A benign, slow growing mass of mature, predominantly lamellar bone, usually arising from the skull or mandible
Palpation
Examination with the hands, feeling for organs, masses, or infiltration of a part of the body, feeling the heart or pulse beat, or vibrations in the chest
Pathophysiology
Derangement of function seen in disease, alteration in function as distinguished from structural defects
PAST HISTORY (heading)
Peptic Ulcer Disease
Percussion
A diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the finger or a plessor; performed primarily over the chest to determine presence of normal air content in the lungs and over the abdomen to evaluate air in the loops of intestine and the size of solid organs such as the liver and spleen.
Peripheral Edema
Pneumonia
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma characterized by consolidation of the affected part, the alveolar air spaces being filled with exudate, inflammatory cells, and fibrin. Most cases are due to bacteria or viruses
Polyuria
Excessive excretion of urine resulting in profuse and frequent micturition
Predisposes
To render susceptible
Presacral
Anterior to or preceeding the sacrum
Precordial
Relating the Precordia (The epigastrium and anterior surface of the lower part of the thorax
Pulsations
Pulse
Rhythmic dilation of an artery, produced by the increased volume of blood thrown in to the vessel by the contraction of the heart
Cartoid
pulse of the cartoid arteries in the neck
Dorsalis Pedis
Femoral
Peripheral
Popliteal
Posterior Tibial
Psychiatric
Relating to Psychiatric (The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders)
Respiratory
Relating to respiration (A fundamental process of life, characteristic of both plants and animals, in which oxygen is used to oxidize organic fuel molecules, providing a source of energy as well as carbon dioxide and water)
REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (heading)
Rheumatic Fever
Sacrum
The segment of the vertebral column forming part of the pelvis; a broad, slightly curved, spade-shaped bone, thick above, thinner below, closing in the pelvic girdle posteriorly; it is formed by the fusion of five originally separate sacral vertebrae; it articulates with the last lumbar vertebra, the coccyx, and the hip bone on either side
SOCIAL HISTORY (heading)
Stethoscope
An instrument originally devised by Laennec for aid in hearing the respiratory and cardiac sounds in the chest, but now modified in various ways and used in auscultation of any of vascular or other sounds anywhere in the body
Stoic
Stroke
Any acute clinical event, related to impairment of cerebral circulation, that lasts longer than 24 hours
Symmetric
Systolic Ejection Murmur
Thrombophlebitis
Tonsillectomy
Removal of the entire tonsil
Tuberculosis
A specific disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the tubercle bacillus, which can affect almost any tissue or organ of the body, the most common site of the disease being the lungs. Primary TB is typically a mild or asymptomatic local pulmonary infection
Ulcer
A lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue, usually with inflammation
Urinate
To pass urine