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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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What term is used when people refer to 1/2 of the earth?
hemisphere
half + circle
If the earth is divided in half from North Pole to South Pole what hemisphere do we live in?
Western hemisphere
Think North, South, East or West
If the earth is divided in half at the equator, what hemisphere do we live in?
Northern hemisphere
Think North, South, East or West
Imaginary lines that run east and west on a map are called...?
latitude lines
The equator is one of these lines.
Imaginary lines that run north and south on a map are called...?
longitude lines
These lines run the "long" way between the North and South Poles.
What is the name of the scale on a map that shows direction?
compass rose
2 words: tool to take with you when you hike + a flower name
What do you call one of earth's 7 large bodies of land?
continent
North America, South America, Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia
What continent do we live on?
North America
Not these: South America, Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia
What is the name of our country?
The United States of America
Nickname: U.S.
What is the name of our state?
New York State
N.Y.
What is the name of our county?
Cattaraugus County
Each state is broken up into smaller units called counties. Our county is an Indian word that means "sticking waters."
What word means the entire way of life of a people - their customs, beliefs and language
What is culture?
It's a "c" word.
What do we call someone who leaves one country to go and live in another country?
immigrant
It's an "i" word.
We say that people who share the same customs language, and history are an...
ethnic group
2 words: e + g
If you have formed a negative opinion about someone without proof, we say that is...
prejudice
It's a "p" word
Our country's plan of government is called...
the Constitution
...a "c" word
A country where the people make the laws and run the government is called a...
democracy
...a "d" word
We elect representatives to help us run the government and so the U.S. is a...
republic
...a "r" word
Our national government government in Washington, D.C. can also be called the ___________ government.
federal
...a "f" word
Individual rights of a citizen under the law are called...
civil rights
2 words: "c" + "r"
Information that comes from the time being studied is called....
primary sources
letters, films, photos, eyewitness accounts
Information that is written by someone who was not an eyewitness is called...
secondary sources
textbooks, encyclopedias
Everyone tells a story from a certain point of view known as...
perspective
a "p" word
Someone who studies history is known as a ....
historian
History is the base word of this answer.
The number of people living in an area is its ....
population
a "p" word