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134 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
code of conduct
chivlry
Lord's portiion of the manor
demsne
expulsion from the church
excommunication
uncultivated
fallow
land provided by a lord to his vassel
fief
untrue christian
heretic
decorating the first letter of a paragraph
illumination
church court to try peolple whose beliefs differed from the church
inquistion
village and surrounding lands
manor
rural districts, each with their own priests
parish
peasants tied to the land
serf
sacred rites of the church
sacraments
buying and selling of religious offices
simony
payment of 10% income to the church
tithe
lesser lords
vassals
stopped the Musslims at the Battle of Tours in 732 AD
Charles Martel
ruler of the Franks who became emperor of the Romans
Charlemagne
the author af the Aeneid
Virgil
began the practice of preaching the gospel to non-jews
Paul
the Roman Empire was divided in half by
dioclitian
leader of the Huns
Attlia
Roman emperor who converted to Christianity
Constantine
German chief who captured Rome in 476 AD
Odoacer
Historians that wrote Annals
Tacitus
stone trough which carried water to roman cities
aqueduct
ranking
heirarchy
story which teaches a lesson
parable
Egyptian picture writing
hieroglyphics
belief in one god
monotheism
reed used to make paper
papyrus
belief in many gods
polytheism
pharaoh who promoted worship of god
Akenaton
egyptian sun god
Amon-Re
deciphered the Rosetta Stone
Champollion
ruler who united upper and lower Egypt
Menes
ruler whose toomb was discovered intact in 1923 by Lord Cameron and Howard Carter
King Tut
shared power for one year to administer laws of Rome
consul
class of wealthy landowners
patricians
people who search for food
nomads
long period of time before writing was invented
prehistory
form of government in which is deposited by water
theocracy
soil rich in materials in which is deposited by water
silt
skilled worker
artisan
objects left by early people
artifacts
evidence of plant or animal life preserved in rock
fossils
thick sheets of ice
glacier
Into what two parts is the Stone Age divided?
Paleolithic age and Neolithic age
Built a libary (the world's first) at Ninevah
Assurbanipal
First to record or write dorox laws
Hammurabi
Built Babylon's Hanging Gardens
Nebuchadxeyyar
Used coined money
Lydians
Father of greek tragedy
Aeschylus
Father of biology
Aristotle
Father of plane geometry
Euclid
Father of history
Herodotus
Father of medicine
Hippocrates
Conquered the known eividiyations of the world in the 300's B.C.
Alexander
teacher of Alexander of Macedonia
Aristotle
author of the seliad and the Odyssey
Homer
leader of Athens during its Golden Age
Pericles
author of The Republic who was not sure democracy was the best form of government
Plato
mathmetician who said C squared= A squared + B squared
Pythagorus
writer of Greek lyric poetry
Sappho
Greek philosopher who was just put to death
Socrates
authoer of "Oedipus Rex"
Sophocles
wrote history of the Peloponnesian War in objective manner
Thucydides
harsh, cruel
draconic
speaking very little
laconic
temporary exile
astracize
slave who served as a teacher
pedagogue
seeker of wisdom
philosopher
wise fool
sophomore
wise law giver
solon
system of rule by local lords who were bound to a king by ties of loyalty
feudalism
scientist who find and analyze objects left by early people
archaeologist
use artifacts and bone fragments to study the ways people organize society
anthropologist
a slab of black rock with three types of writing that enabled Champollion to translate hieroglyphics
Rosetta Stone
area that streches from the Pursian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
Fertile Crescent
independent town or city and the surrounding countryside
city-state
temple of a god of a city-state in ancient sumer
ziggurat
term used to describe the wedge-shaped writing of the ancient semerians
cuneiform
province in the Persian Empire ruled by a govenor responsible to the king
satrapy
first 5 books of the Old Testament
Torah
one of the best known epic poems in the world writen by Homer
Iliad
one of the best known epic poems in the world written by Homer
Odyssey
wall paintings
fresco
hilltop fortress
acropolis
governments by a privilleged minority or upperclass
aristocracy
worked the land t=for the spartans
helot
overseers to direct daily affairs
ephor
in 621 BC- written code of laws, wanted it to apply qually to all classes, harsh code, drocanian- harsh, strict (didn't work)
Draco
In 594 BC- abolished debt slavery, freed citizens forcedinto slavery, limited land ownership, stopped sell of grain abroad
Solon
In 560 BC- seized power with support of poor citizens, took land from nobles and gave it to peasants, reduced privilleges of nobles and directed new building projects
Pisistratus
In 508 BC- moved Athens to a democratic government, made Athenian Assembly the lawmaking body, granted citizenship to immigrants and former slaves
Cleithenes
Athenian leader who convinced the Assembly that Athens should build a fleet of ships
Themistocles
common people
plebeians
block
veto
Roman peace
Pax Romana
taught that the earth was at the center of the universe and the sun and planets revolve around it
Ptolemy
wrote the legnthy History of Rome
Livy
people who were not Jews
Gentiles
people who suffer or die for their beliefs
martyrs
Visigoth general who sacked Rome in 410 AD
Alaric
the art of public speaking
rhetoric
talented young general, first dictator of Rome, made reforms, gave more citizenship to soldiers, and was killed because people thought Rome should be a republic not a kingdom
Julius Caesar
son of General Hamiclar who took his troops into Italy and defeated Rome
Hannibal
brought peace to Rome, under him Rome ceased to be a republic and became an empire, he was imperator, he mase reforms: reorganized the army in to highly disciplined training, he encouraged former soldiers to settle in the provines
Augustus Caesar
called doe the senate to redistribute the lend to the poor, limited the size of large estates, and settle landless farmers in the provinces- spolesman fir plebeians and a leader
Tiberius
Greek playwright of comedy who wrote The Birds and The Clouds
Aristophanes
How did Charlemagne improve education?
He invited scholars from all over Europe to come to his court. He set up schools. He made sure clergys were well educated.
What 2 duties did a vassal have to his lord?
1. Had to serve 40 days a year in Military services.
2. Had to work the lord's land on holidays.
What 2 duties did a lord owe his vassal?
1. Provide them with protection.
2. Provide a court of justice.
What 2 duties did a serf have to his lord?
1. Had to work atleast 3 days a week.
2. Had to pay a fee for using the mill and oven.
What 2 duties did a lord have to his serf?
1. Provide them with protection during time of war.
2. Provied a court of justice.
What 2 reforms were inroduced by Julius Caesar?
1. Granted land to the poor.
2. Stopped unemployment.
name 2 reforms intrduced by Augustus Caesar?
1. Reorganized the army.
2. Convinced soldiers to settle in provinces.
Describe the Greek theater.
1. ampitheater
2. male actors only
3. wore masks with megaphones
4. lasted all day
5. only about 3 to 5 actors
Compare life in Sparta and Athens in 4 areas: military, education, women's role, and government.
ATHENS:
1. If you were a citizen you had to be in the military.
2. Only men got an education.
3. women had no legal rights, could not own property, or hold office and were kept in strict secclusion.
4. A democratic government

SPARTA:
1. From birth to death you were under a strict system and even women had to be tough. Military was very important.
2. Learned military life.
3.women were tough and did gymnastics. Told men to come back from war with his shield or on it.
4. A monarchy lead by 2 kings.
What was the underlying theme of "Odipus Rex"?
How destiny affected the lives of individuals.
Explain the political, social, and economic reasons for the decline of the Western Roman Empire.(2 reasons each)
POLITICAL: 1. People felt less responsible for the government.
2. The lack of good leaders.

ECONOMIC: 1. the amount of money it took to run the government.
2. All the power was in the east.

SOCIAL: 1. people didn't care who their leader was.
2. soldiers were not responsible or patriotic.
how was Hebrew different from other people on the Fertile Crescent?
1. Lead moral lives.
2. God decided the final judgement.
3. human life was held with great respect.

Other people of the Fertile Crescent were polytheistic. Therefore, they had many different beliefs.
What were the 4 river valleys that began civilization?
1. Nile River
2. Tigris-Euphrates River
3. Indus River
4. Yellow River
Describe life on a manor.
There is a castle, a village, 3 fields, a stream, forests, and a church.
What were two reforms of Diocletion?
1. Sets limits on prices and wages.
2. People could not change jobs.
What are some qualities of early Roman families?
Romans lived in large extended families. The government rewarded parents with many children. The father had absolute power over the household. The discipline was strict.
Discuss the advances in agriculture in the Middle Ages.
There was the three-field system, a method of crop rotation, the heavy plow, the horse shoe, a better harness so horses could be used for plowing more, and a watermill and windmill for grinding grain.
What was the underlying theme of "Odipus Rex"?
How destiny affected the lives of individuals.
Explain the political, social, and economic reasons for the decline of the Western Roman Empire.(2 reasons each)
POLITICAL: 1. People felt less responsible for the government.
2. The lack of good leaders.

ECONOMIC: 1. the amount of money it took to run the government.
2. All the power was in the east.

SOCIAL: 1. people didn't care who their leader was.
2. soldiers were not responsible or patriotic.
how was Hebrew different from other people on the Fertile Crescent?
1. Lead moral lives.
2. God decided the final judgement.
3. human life was held with great respect.

Other people of the Fertile Crescent were polytheistic. Therefore, they had many different beliefs.
What were the 4 river valleys that began civilization?
1. Nile River
2. Tigris-Euphrates River
3. Indus River
4. Yellow River
Describe life on a manor.
There is a castle, a village, 3 fields, a stream, forests, and a church.
What were two reforms of Diocletion?
1. Sets limits on prices and wages.
2. People could not change jobs.
What are some qualities of early Roman families?
Romans lived in large extended families. The government rewarded parents with many children. The father had absolute power over the household. The discipline was strict.
Discuss the advances in agriculture in the Middle Ages.
There was the three-field system, a method of crop rotation, the heavy plow, the horse shoe, a better harness so horses could be used for plowing more, and a watermill and windmill for grinding grain.