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25 Cards in this Set

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Self-concept
is an individual's conceptualization about how one thinks about himself or herself. It is a subjective sense of the self and a complex mixture of unconscious and conscious thoughts, attitudes, and perceptions.
Examples of situations that can change a client's self-concept
loss of bodily function, a decline in activity tolerance, and difficulty in managing a chronic illness
Job satisfaction and job performance in adulthood have been linked to
self-esteem
Self-Concept is always changing and is based on the following:
Sense of competency; Perceived reactions of others to one's body; Ongoing perceptions and interpretations of the thoughts and feelings of others; Personal and professional relationships; Academic and employment-related identity; Spiritual identity; Personality structure; Perceptions of events that have an impact on the self; Mastery of prior and new experiences; Current feelings about the physical, emotional, and social self; Self-expectations; Racial identity
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: 0 to 1 Year
Develops trust from consistency in caregiving and nurturing interactions of parents and others; Distinguishes self from environment
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: 1 to 3 years
Begins to communicate likes and dislikes; Increasingly autonomous in thoughts and actions; Appreciates body appearance and function; Develops self through modeling, imitation, and socialization
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: 3 to 6 Years
Takes initiative; Identifies with a gender; Gains an enhanced self-awareness; Increases language skills, including identification of feelings; Sensitive to family feedback
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: 6 to 12 Years
Incorporates feedback from peers and teachers; Increases self-esteem with new skill mastery (e.g., reading, math, sports, music); Sexual identity strengthens; Aware of strengths and limitations
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: 12 to 20 Years
Accepts body changes/maturation; Examines attitudes, values, and beliefs; establishes goals for the future; Feels positive about expanded sense of self; Interacts with those whom he/she finds sexually attractive or intellectually stimulating
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: Mid-20s to Mid-40s
Has intimate relationships with family and significant others; Has stable, positive feelings about self; Experiences successful role transitions and increased responsibilities
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: Mid-40s to Mid-60s
Can accept changes in appearance and physical endurance; Reassesses life goals; Shows contentment with aging
Self-Concept: Developmental Tasks: Late 60s On
Feels positive about one's life and its meaning; Interested in providing a legacy for the next generation
Identity
involves the internal sense of individuality, wholeness, and consistency of a person over time and in various circumstances.
Identity implies
being distinct and separate from others
Identity develops_ _and ends in being a _ and _ self
over time; whole; unique
An individual first identifies with
parenting figures and later with teachers, peers, and role models.
To form an identity, the child must be able to
bring together learned behavior and expectations into a coherent, consistent, and unique whole
Body image
involves attitudes related to the body, including physical appearance, structure, or function.
Role performance
is the way in which an individual perceives his/her ability to carry out significant roles.
Reinforcement-extinction:
Certain behaviors become common or are approved, depending on whether they are approved and reinforced or discouraged and punished
Inhibition
An individual learns to refrain from behaviors, even when tempted to engage in them
Substitution
An individual replaces one behavior with another, which provides the same personal gratification
Imitation
An individual acquires knowledge, skills, or behaviors from members of the social or cultural group
Identification
An individual internalizes the beliefs, behavior, and values of role models into a personal, unique expression of self
Self-Esteem
is an individual's overall sense of self-worth or the emotional appraisal of self-concept