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17 Cards in this Set

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phenobarbital: MOA; MISC
GABA-mimetic action;
Sedation
Drug Interactions
Primidone: Metabolites; Use
phenobarbital + phenylethylmalonide (PEMA);
DOC for neonatal Seizure
Phenytoin: brand; ADRS
dilantin; Acute: nystagmus, diplopia, ataxia; Chronic: gingival hyperplasia, Hirsutism, neuropathy
Valproic Acid: brand; MISC
Depakene, Depakote; Use sprinkle if GI irritation. Do not chew sprinkle.
Drugs used for partial seizures
phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, valproate
Drugs used for Generalized seizures
Valproate, Lamotrigine, carbamazepine
Drugs used for status epilepticus
benzodiazepines, propofol
Carbamazepine: brand; SE; other use
Tegretol; aplastic anemia, leukopenia; trigeminal neuralgia
ethosuximide, methsuximide, phensuximide: use; SE
Only for absence seizures; blood dyscrasias
Which benzos are commonly used for status elipticus? WHy
Lorazepam, midazolam because fast acting. Can use rectal diazepam called (Diastat)
Lamotrigine: brand; se
lamictal; rash; avaible in regular and chewable
Gabapentin: brand, SE, MOA
neurontin; can cause weight gain, similar to gaba may affect on Ca++
Topiramate:brand; misc
topamax; can cause carbonic anhydrase inhibitor activity, maintain good hydration to prevent renal calculi
Magnesium sulfate; use
prevention and treatment of eclampsia (confulsions associated with toxins of pregnancy)
Levetiracem: brand; use
Keppra; partial seizure
Tigabine: brand
Gabitril
Zonisamide: brand; se
Zonegram; sulfonamide derivative, watch for sulfa allergy