Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was oceanography originally limited to?
maps, shallow underwater obstacles like reefs, and fish
When were most systematic studies done?
in the last 200 years
What does geological oceanography consist of?
seafloor topography and sediments
What does physical oceanography consist of?
distributions of salt content, temperature, and currents
What does chemical oceanography consist of?
distributions of seawater chemicals and composition of sediments
What does biological oceanography consist of?
distributions of plant and animal species
What were the first uses of the ocean?
food source and transportation
What were early boats made of, and why does it matter?
wood, reeds, animal skins, or tree bark, which decompose and are not preserved
What did the Minoans do?
They were the first to use boats extensively, for transport, trade, defense, and conquest.
When and where were the Minoans?
the island of Crete, 3k BC
What did the Phoenicians do?
They went all over, to Spain, Italy, Britain, and claimed to go all the way around Africa.
When and where were the Phoenicians?
parts of Israel, Lebanon, and Syria between 1100 and 850 BC.
What did Herodotus do when?
He made a map of the Mediterranean and Red Seas, similar to today's maps.
When and where was Herodotus?
Greece, 450 BC
Who was the most famous ancient mapmaker?