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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a class of anti-anxiety drugs that promote calm
sedatives
a class of drugs that are soporific
hypnotics
the three types of sedative-hypnotic drugs
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, misc. non-barbiturates
barbiturates at low doses
increase the inhibitory effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (increasing GABA reduces brain activity and promotes sleep)
barbiturates at high doses
act like a general anesthetic and can cause profound CNS depression and even death in case of over dose
effects of barbiturates on the sleep cycle
decrease stage 1, increase stage 2, decrease stages 3 & 4 and decreases REM sleep
sodium pentothal
type of barbiturate
pentobarbital
type of barbiturate
secobarbital
type of barbiturate
phenobarbital
type of barbiturate
this drug produces antianxiety, skeletal muscle relaxing & anticonvulsant effects
benzodiazepines
like barbiturates, this drug also increases the inhibitory effects of GABA
benzodiazepines
effects of benzodiazepines on the sleep cycle
decrease stage 1, increase stage 2, decrease stages 3&4, does not significantly decrease REM sleep
Xanax (alprazolam)
type of benzodiazepine
Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
type of benzodiazepine
Valium (diazepam)
type of benzodiazepine
Dalmane (flurazepam)
type of benzodiazepine
Paral (paraldehyde)
type of benzodiazepine often used in alcohol rehab patients
Halcion (triazolam)
type of benzodiazepine
chloral hydrate
type of sleep aid used in elderly patients
Benadryl
antihistamine with hypnotic properties
Ambien
type of sleep aid