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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Benzodiazepines are used to treat _____, _____ and _____.
Anxiety
Insomnia
Seizures
Benzodiazepines have a (higher/lower) potential for abuse than barbiturates.
lower
What are the two important side effects of benzodiazepines?
Confusion
Anterograde Amnesia
Benzodiazepine do not affect the heart when given _____ but when given _____ they do affect the heart.
Orally
IV
How do benzodiazepines work?
Enhance the effects of GABA
Doesn't act as a GABA agonist
All the benzodiazepines are safe during pregnancy.
T or F
False
Most are D and some are X
What is flumazenil?
Competitive benzodiazepine receptor antagonist
What is the treatment for benzodiazepine OD?
Flumazenil
If the ending of the drug are -pam or -lam it is a ______.
Benzodiazepine
Zolpidem is a ______.
Benzodiazepine-like drug
Eszopiclone is a _______.
benzodiazepine-like drug
Zaleplon is a _______.
benzodiazepine-like drug
What are the prototypic drugs for the benzodiazepine-like drugs?
Zolpidem, Eszopiclone, and Zaleplon
All the benzodiazepine-like drugs are used for _____.
management of insomnia
The benzodiazepine-like drugs bind selectively with benzodiazepine 1 receptor.
T or F
True
Ramelteon is a ____.
Melaonin Agonist
What is the prototypic Melatonin Agonist?
Ramelteon
What are signs of barbiturate OD?
Respiratory Depression
Coma
Pupils nonreactive to light
What is the ultra-short prototypic barbituate drug?
Thiopental
What is the long lasting prototypic barbituate drug?
Phenobarbital