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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
main mineral in apatite
Phosphorite
generic term for phosphorite
collophaine
4 types of phosphorites
bioclastic, nodular, pebble bed, guano
phosphorite made out of skeletal fragments
bioclastic
contains a central nucleus to start the phosphatic reaction
nodular
erosional concentrations of phosphatic grains
pebble bed
bird and bat droppings
guano
replacement of skeletal and carbonate grains
phosphatization
remnants of the biogenic material in soil
humus
remnants of organic material
sapropel
4 types of coal
Peat, Bituminus, Lignite, Anthracite
initial deposit of organic material
Peat
Lowest grade, brown-black coal, high moisture content
Lignite
alternating layers of bright and dull with high carbon content and lower moisture
Bituminus
concoidal fracture and shiny
Anthracite
process where keragen turns to oil
catagenesis
hydrocarbons in a semi-solid state
Bitumen
4 characteristics of petroleum
source, resevoir, trap, migration pathway
where keragen is produced
source
where keragen is held
resevoir
where keragen is at
trap
how keragen got from source rock to resevoir
migration pathway