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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
origin of clasts for siliciclastic rocks
provenance
type of rock formed by the precipitation of minerals due to water. Either by chemical or biochemical processes.
Chemical Rocks
Most important minerals in Carbonate rocks
Aragonite, Low Magnesium Calcite, high Magnesium Calcite, and Dolomite.
2 types of carbonate clasts
intraclast, extraclast
sourced within the basin, carbonate equivalent to mud rip-ups
intraclasts
sourced from outside the basin.
extraclasts
Most common carbonate grain made of whole or fragmented fossils
skeletal particles
Type of carbonate grain that has a nucleus. When cut you can see layer. Forms in high energy environments
Ooids
A Rock made mostly out of Ooids
Oolite
grain that is not as spherical as an ooid and larger but about the same
Pisoid