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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How was the rise of manufacturing in the North made possible?
1) there was capital available for investment, resulting from earlierprofits in shipping and commerce 2) abundant supply of labor provided by farm women, children and immigrants 3) cheap power made possible by the swift-flowing streams of the seaboards and by newly discovered coal deposits in Pennsylvania 4) markets for manufactured goods opened by improvements in transportation and communication
What policies did the North adopt?
a) high protective tariffs b) supported internal improvements at federal expense c) championed the second national bank d) opened territorial expansion e) favored high-priced public lands
why did the north want the second national bank?
to provide a sound currency, necessary for interstate business
what was the north's position on territorial expansion?
at first it opposed it, since it might lead to the admission of new states and a resulting weakening of northern influence in congress, later it supported expansion as a means of opening new markets for its manufactured goods
why did it favor high-priced lands?
this would make it difficult for the emigration of eastern workers to the west
What were major factors in the expansion of cotton production?
a) invention and widespread use of the cotton gin b) admission of new states opened new territory to cotton planting c) use of slave labor made cotton a profitable crop d) increased demands of brit cotton mills encouraged planters to extend their holdings
What were the policies that the south favored?
a) low tariff b) opposed second bank of US and supported state banking c) opposed internal improvements at federal expense d)territorial expansion e) cheap public land
Why did the south favor a low tariff?
a high protective tariff would raise the price of the manufactured goods it needed + it feared that the tariff would lead to discrimination against american cotton in foreign markets
why did it oppose the second bank of the US?
planters were in constant need of capital for expansion and disliked being in debt to northern banks
why did the south oppose internal improvements at federal expense?
it had a fine river transportation system of its own and wasn't interested in consturcting roads and canals at federal expense
How was the development of the west made possible?
a) continuting westward expansion b) rising tide of immigration c) improvements in transportation and communication d) territorial expansioni e) liberal government land policy
what policies did the west support?
a) supported national policy of cheap public lands b) supported protective tariff c)supported the building of internal improvements at national expense d) opposed second bank e) advocated a policy of encouragement of euro immigration
why did the west support a national policy of cheap public land?
this would promote rapid settlement and agricultural expansion
why did the west support the protective tariff?
in the hope that this would expand the industrial cities of the northeast and provide a market for western crops
why did the west oppose the second bank?
farmers were debtors in need of credit, and preferred the easy credit policies of state banks to the stricter financial practices of the national bank
what did the small farmers of the southwest agree on with the farmers of the northwest?
internal improvements at federal expense
What did New England shipping interests join with the south on?
opposing high tariffs, since they stood to lose money if imports declined
What was some minor conflicts of interest in the Northeast?
most people still lived on farms and backed policies favorable to farmers, at the same time, the northeast became strongly supported in congress