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191 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Fait
a personal knowledge of the heart and experience of God and love. Relationship
Theology
reflection on our faith experience and attempting to interpret that experience
Belief
is a product of faith and theology
Revelation
the showing and telling of God's self
salvation history
a record of chronological events of people who have a relationship with God and God's saving deeds
Bible
the inspired books
Old testament
god's covenant of love made with the israelis through moses, the hebrew scriptures
New Testament
God's covenant of love carried out throught Jesus, contains 27 books
Jew
God's chosen people, the hebrews, the israelites
Oral tradition
the passing of stories and traditions by word of mouth
parchment
made from skins of animals that were sewn together to make strips for writing on
Papyrus
made of a plant that was soaked and pressed into a paper-like substance
Inspiration
god used human creativity and insight to convey the religious truth
Literary forms
different forms of literary devices used to convey a meaning
Allegory
an extended comparioson in which the details of a story stand for deeper realities
biography
a written account of a person's life
creed
a formal statement of religious belief
etiology
a story that gives the cause of something
riddle
a question that posed to somebody that needs to be pondered upon to find the answer
contract
a mutual agree ment between two or more parties that something shall be done or forborne by one or both
ledgend
traditional sroty that is handed down, generation to generation
Parable
a short, simple lesson that teaches a moral
Fable
a brief story with a morla
history
a chronological narrative or record of events
law
a rule of conduct or standard behaviou established by proper authority, society or custom
prophecy
an inspired utterance made by a prophet which expresses god's will
anthology
a collection of literary gathered into one volume
canon
the list of biblical books that the church recognizes as inspired
septuagint
a greek translation of the Jewish scriptures
Deuterocanonical
second canon
Apocrypha
hidden or withdrawn from common use-the 7 Greek scriptures
Torah
sacred books that contain the Jewish Law and important instruction on elief and practice
Pentateuch
the first five books of the Old Testament, also called the Torah
Historical books
narrate how the Chosen People lived out the covenant in teh Promised Land
Wisdom Books
contain some of the most beautiful and practical religious literature in the world
Prophetic books
contains the writings of the prophets
Canaan
the heartland of 3 major religions
Canaanites
phlytheistic people that lived in canaan
Ppolytheistic
belief in more than one god
Monotheistic
belief in one God
Israel
teh name given to Canaan after the twelve tribes decended from Jacob (israel), now referred to the northern kingdom
Dead Sea Scrolls
Discovered in 1947; contains religious writing and OT scriptures
Jacob
Joseph's father, known as israel
Judah
the southern kingdom of Israel and named after the largest trib
Palestine
teh Greek name for israel Conquered by alexander the great
1280
teh beginning of the Exodus with Moses
Hellenism
greek culture
philistines
a sea-faring people who settled along the coast of israel
Fertile crescent
teh area that surrounds the middle east
Mediterranean sea
a large body of water that is in the middle of the middle east
Jordan river
the name of a river in palestine
ancestor
from one whom a person is descended
exodus t
the book that tells the story of deliverance and records the covenant between God and the people
Babylonian captivity
many leading Jews were carried off to babylon by the babylonians and made captive
diaspora
teh dispersion of the jews once freed from the captivity
aramaic
teh common language spoken in babylon and the whole middle east
vulgate
common or the church's official teaching in latin
concordance
lists all of the occurances of a word in the bible
biblical atlas
helps you navigate around teh ancient biblical world with maps
biblical dictionary
referance works that treat many themes, names, places and other topics
1000
david is anoint king
7221
the fall of the northern kingdom to the assyrians
587-538
babylonian captivity
genesis
origin
pentateuch
five scrolls
torah
law
law
another name for the pentatuech
exodus
journey of moese to the promised land
leviticus
the commands of the chosen peopl
numbers
the laws that help from the israelites during their forty years in the desert
deuteronomy
instructs its readers on teh meaning on the meaning of the exodus experience
myth
expresses a spiritual ttuth or a basic belief of a particular culture by means of a narrative
prologue
and introduction
pre-history
before history
patriarch/ matriarch
father/mother
moses
the person chosen by god to lead the israelites out of captivity
ezra
during ezra's timek the pentatuech was combined
yahwist
a type of tradition that calls god yahweh, is very eathy and vivid, anthropomorphic, origins in judah around 950 BCE and key themes are divine promises
anthropomorphic
viewing of God as human
Yahweh
God
Elohist (E)
a tradition that views God as abstract, calls God Elohim, originates in Ephraim around 850 BCE. vcovenant is the central theme
Elohim
god
deuteronomist
means second law, calls God Yahweh, emphasizes morals, originated around 650 BCE
Priestly
emphasizes preistly concerns, originated during the babylonian captivity and uses lists
four source traditions
sources that created the Torah
Ruah
wind, spirit
Enuam elish
the babylonian creation myth
sabbath
holy day of rest
historical critical method
when readinug the bible, tryin to get hte real meaning, not just the literal one
textual criticims
reading the bible literally
transmission history
analyzes the development f the oral traditions that were handed down
form criticism
breaks down a text into its smaller components to discover the literary forms that were used
redaction criticims
investigates how an editor used written sources and wht the edition tells us about he editor's theological interets
archeology
unearths artifacts, written materials and other evidences of the civilization of anciet israel
fundamentalism
interprets scripture in an absolutely literal way
etiology
A STORY THAT TRIES TO EXPLAIN THE CAUSE OF SOMETHING
paradox
a statement or tent contrary to reciewved opinion or belief, especially one that is difficult to believe
sin
doing something gainst the will of God that humans fully consent to
temptaion
giving into sin
Alienate
to turn away form
eve
mother of the world
adam
man of clay
symbol
something the stands for a deeper meaning
cain
kills his brother abel in his jealousy
abel
is killed by brother cain
Abram
trusted in a love god who promised thema land and a people; came from Ur; lived around 1800 bce
Abraham
father of a multitude
1850 bce
when abrahma was alive
sarai
abraham's wife before the name change
sarah
princess
hagar
the maid sarah offered to abraham to have a son
folklore
the traditional beliefs, legends and custms, current amoung the common people
ledgend
a story, history, account
bronze aga
2300 BCE-1600 BCE
amorites
westerners
semites
a person belonging to the race of mankind which includes most of the peopls metioned in Gen;jews
nomads
people who moved from one place to anothe
semite
a person belonging to the race of mankind in genesis
anti-semitism
against semitism
Ur
the city where abram originated
el, elohim
god, gods
el shaddai
god almight
yahweh
god in teh J source
adonai
lord
Jehovah
hybrid of the word adonai
YHWH
I am who am
Tetragrammaton
the word yahweh as YHWH in teh jewish scriptures
islam
the religion that follows Muhammod
covenant
promsie between a peope/person and God
B'rith
covenant in hebrew
Hesed
teh quality of god in the covenant (loving kindness, mercy that is shown to the people of the covenant)
circumcision
practiced as a religious rite by Jews and muslims and by various other nations; also a surgical operation; the sigh of Abraham's and God's covenant
sodom
a very evil, sinful city that god wanted to destroy
flaming torch
a symbol for god
brazier
a portable over and the smoke and fire represents god
isaac
laughter; given to sarah's and abraham's son
ishmael
the son of abraham and hagar and means "god has heard"
holocaust
burnt offering
3 qualities of faith
1. trust in god
2. obedience to god
3. belief in god
Esau
"red, hairy one"; son of Isaac and Rebekah
Jacob/Israel
had 12 sons and one daughter; founding of a whole new nation
Harah
place where Jacob fled to/where laban lived
Rebekah
Isaac's wife
Laban
offers Isaac Rebekah as a wife and tricks Jacob in working for his daughter Rachel and Leah
Rachel
Jacob's favourite wife;bore him Joseph and benjamin
Leah
Jacob's least favourite; kept bearing sons to win jacob's love
bilhah
Rachel's maid; bore Dan, naphtali
zilpah
Leah's maid; bore gad and asher
Dinah
only daughter of jacob, is raped
polygamy
practice of many wifes/husbands
Metanoia
radical change of heart
potiphar
bought joseph as a slave, made him keeper of his household
benjamin
youngest son of Jacob and Rachel
judah
fourth son of jacob and leah;has sex with his daughter-in-law
Manesseh
Joseph's son
Ephraim
Joseph's son
Zaphenath-peneah
joseph's egyptian name
pharaoh
has joseph interpret his dream, makes him second-in-command of egypt
asenath
joseph's wife
propeht
someone who speaks the word of God to ppl
mediator
person who goes back and between people and god and talks to them
apiru
hebrew in egyptian
moses' mother
hid him so he wouldn't be killed, sent him down the river to be taken in by the pharaoh's daughter and then nursed him
moses
"drawn from water"; lead the chosen people out of egypt
midwife
were instructed to kill all boys born by the Hebrews
puah and shiphrah
midwifes ordered by the pharoh to kill all hebrew boys
pharaoh's daughter
took care of Moses and found in the river
miriam
moses' sister
midian
place where moses fled after killing an egyption
jethro
moses' father-in-law
zipporah
moses' wife
gershom
moses' son
burning bush
symbolizes God's presence in a theophany
theophany
a showing or manifestation of God
Aaron
Moses' brother and speaker
ramses II
Pharaoh during the time of Moses
Exodus
Journey
1250 BCE
Time of the exodus
Passover/10th plague
Passover is when the Hebrews were to kill a lamb, spread it's blood on the door frame, eat it's meat with unleavened bread and bitter herbs and eat like ready to leave/death of the first born
Matzoh
unleavened bread;comemorates when the hebrews couldn't use yeast in teh original exodus
salt water
the tears of the israelite slaves
bitter hearbs
symbolic of the bitterness of their slavery
haroseth
reminicent of teh mortar used by slaves
Red sea/reed sea
Moses parted this water to escape teh egyptians
manna
bread
sinai covenant
israelites are to be "god's chosen people", enables pepole to become a nation blessed by God, heart of teh religion of Israelites. Revealed God's mercy and love.
Stipulations: 1. People must follow commandments 2. ppl must be faithful through obedience and worship
Mt. Sinai
place where teh 10 Commandments were made
Golden Calf
statue constructed to represent God since the hebrews had thought he had left them
Ark of the Covenant
box that carried the commandments
Joshua
person who eventually led the Chosen people into the Promised Land and was Moses' helper
Code of Hammurabi
Commandments were based upon this