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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Give The Purpose and an Example of Aesthetic Surgery
Improvement of physical features that are within the "Normal" range.

Breast Augmentation.
Give The Purpose and an Example of Constructive Surgery.
Repair of a congenitally defective body part.

Cleft palage and cleft lip repair.
Give The Purpose and an Example of Curative Surgery
Removal or repair of damaged or diseased tissue or organs.

Give The Purpose and an Example of Diagnostic Surgery
Discovery or confirmation of a disgnosis.

Breast Biopsy
Give The Purpose and an Example of Exploratory Surgery
Estimation of the extent of disease or confirmation of a diagnosis.

Exploratory Laparotomy
Give The Purpose and an Example of Emergent Surgery.

Repair of traumatic punctured lung.
Give The Purpose and an Example of Palliative Surgery
Relief of symptoms but without cure of underlying diseases.

Give The Purpose and an Example of Reconstructive Surgery
Partial or complete restoration of a body part.

Total Joint Replacement.
Give The Purpose and an Example of Urgent Surgery
Performed as soon as client is stable and infection under control.

Describe ASA Class I
Healthy person with no systemic disease, undergoing elective surgery, and at no estremes of age.
Describe ASA Class II
Client with one-system, well controlled disease. Disease does not affect daily activities. Other clients classified in this level include those with mild obesity, alcoholism, and smoking.
Describe ASA Class III
Client with multiple-system disease or well-controlled major system diseases. The disease status limits daily activities. However, there is no immediate danger of death due to any individual system disease.
Describe ASA Class IV
Client with severe, incapacitating disease. Typically, the disease is poorly controled, or end-stage disease is present. Danger of death related to organ failure is present.
Describe ASA Class V
Client is very ill and in imminent danger of death. Operation is deemed to be a last resort attempt at perserving life. The client is not expected to live through the next 24 hours. In some cases, the client had been healthy up to a recent catastrophic event.
This surgical position permits displacement of the intestines into the ujpper abdomen and is often used during surgery of th elower abdomen or pelvis.
This surgical position Exposes the perineal and rectal areas and is ideal for vaginal repairs, dilation and curettage, and most common for rectal surgery.
This surgical position is commonly used for vervical spine, posterior fossa craniotomy, back, rectal, and posterior leg surgery.
This surgical position is used for clients undergoing Kidney, chest, or hip surgery.