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17 Cards in this Set

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mitosis
stage when cell splits
cytokinesis
stage when cell becomes two new cells
respiration
glucose + oxygen = water, energy, and carbon dioxide
photosynthesis
carbon dioxide + water (yields/sunlight) glucose & oxygen
cancer
when cells grow and divide uncontrollably
fermentation
energy is released without using oxygen
chemotherapy
use of drugs to kill cancer cells
tumor
mass of abnormal cells
radiation therapy
uses radiation to kill rapidly dividing cancer cells
DNA
-deoxyribonucleic acid
-double helix
-side chains=sugar&phosphate
-four base pairs, A/T & G/C (Avoid Touching Gary's Cat)
RNA
-ribonucleic acid
-single helix
-creates proteins
-A/U & G/C (Always Use Good Celery)
mutation
a change in the DNA
autotroph
an organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
an organism that can not make its own food
centromere
the structure that holds together the chromatids
chromatid
an identical rod or strand of a chromosome
base pairs
thymine, guanine, cytosine, adenine
A/T & G/C (Avoid Touching Gary's Cat)