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24 Cards in this Set

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The usual weather conditions of region occurring throughout the year.
Climate
Temperature, wind and moist conditions occurring at a certain place and time.
Weather
A mass of tiny water drops or ice crystals suspended in the sky above the Earth's surface.
Cloud
A measure of heat or cold.
Temperature
The amount of moisture in the air.
Humidity
Moisture in the form of rain, dew or snow.
Precipitation
A violent tropical strom with winds of more than 74 m.p.h. and unusually heavy with rainfall.
Hurricane
A violent and destructive windstorm extending from dark clouds as a twisting funnel.
Tornado
To predict or calculate in advance what type of weather is coming.
Forecast
An instrument used to measure air pressure.
Barometer
An instrument for measuring the speed of wind.
Anemometer
A scientist specializing in the study of weather and climate.
Meteorologist
The boundary between a mass of warm air and a mass of cold air where the warm air moves in.
Warm front
The boundary between a mass of cold air and a mass of warm air where the cold air is moving in to replace the warmer air.
Cold front
Describe tornado alley and name six states that are in this area?
Land in the central United states in which the majority of tornadoes form. This area includes Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa and Missouri.
What instruments do meteorologist use for measuring and recording temperature, aire pressure, precipitation, humidity, and wind direction and speed.
thermometer, barometer, rain gauge, snowstick, psychrometer, hygometer, wind vane and wind sock, anemometer.
An instrument that measures rainfall.
Rain gauge
An instrument that measures snowfall.
Snowstick
An instrument that measure humidity.
hygrometer
What instruments have meteorologist used within the last 50 years to improve their forecasts?
weather balloons, satellites, radar and computers.
Name the three main types of clouds?
cirrus, cumulus and stratus.
Describe what a cirrus cloud looks like and what weather will it predict?
High wispy ice clouds. Often seen in clear skies and mean good weather, but can mean a change in weather.
Describe what a cumulus cloud looks like and what weather will it predict?
Fluffy lower clouds that often "grow" during sunny days. Usually mean fair weather unless they grow tall late in the day.
Describe what a stratus cloud looks like and what weather will it predict?
Flat layer of low clouds, light rain, drizzle, or flurries likely, overcast skies at best.