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25 Cards in this Set

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What is the ability to do work?
Energy
A disturbance that transfers energy from one place to another
wave
What is a medium?
A matter through which waves can travel
Waves that can travel through mediums
Mechanical waves
The distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point just like it
Wavelength
the number of ull wavelengths that pass a point each second
Frequency
The greatest distance that vibrations in a wave move from their normal position when a waves passes by
Amplitude
The distance per time that a given wave travels.
Speed
The bending of waves.
Refraction
The bouncing back of a wave
Reflection
When waves pass through a given point or medium.
Transmission
When the energy is not transferred through the given medium or space.
Absorption
Amplifies sound waves
Middle Ear
Gathers sound waves and shaped to help capture sound waves
Outer Ear
Transmits vibrations from the bones of the middle ear to the liquid in the inner ear.
Inner Ear
Transparent tissue that transmits and refracts light to the pupil
Cornea
Refracts light and focuses light waves on the retina
Lens
located on the back of the inside of the eye and is composed of tiny nerves
Retina
The range of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic spectrum
have the longest wavelengths and lowest frequencies of the electromagnetic waves
radio waves
radio waves with the shortest wavelengths and the highest frequencies
microwaves
have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than radio waves
infrared rays
wavelengths just shorter than visible light
ultraviolet rays
have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than infrared rays and make up only a small part of the electromagnetic spectrum
visible light
have very short wavelengths
x-rays