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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
To take in (through pores)
Absorb
A blanket of gas that surrounds Earth
Atmosphere
A real or imaginary line that a spinning object turns around
Axis
A fossil formed or shaped within a mold
Cast
A Chunk of ice and rock that orbits the Sun in a long, narrow orbit.
Comet
The process in which water particles change from a gas to a liquid
Condensation
Solid rock that makes up the Moon's and Earth's outermost layers
Crust
A long period of time with little or not precipitation
Drought
Movement or vibration in the rocks that make up Earth's crust
Earthquake
The wearing away of soil and rock particles by waves, wind, running water, or glaciers
Erosion
Bursting or throwing forth
Eruptions
The process in which water particles change from a liquid to a gas
Evaporation
Any evidence of an organism that lived in the past
Fossil
A force that causes objects to move toward the center of the Earth, causes objects to have weight
Gravity
"Fire-made" rock formed from melted rock material
Igneous Rock
A fossil created by a print or impression
Imprint
A sliding down of a mass of earth or rock on a steep slope
Landslides
A distance of static electricity from a thundercloud
Lightning
The layer of rock lying below the crust
Mantle
Rock whose form has changed by heat/pressure
Metamorphic Rock
A naturally occurring substance, neither a plant nor animal
Minerals
Two or more types of matter that are mixed together but keep their own properties
Mixture
A fossil clearly showing the outside features of the organism
Mold
The path an object follows as it revolves
Orbit
A satellite of the Sun
Planet
The adding of harmful substances to the water, air, or land
Pollution
Water in the atmosphere that falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail, or sleet
Precipitation
Quality of objects (example: texture, color, shape, size, buoyancy, magnetic attraction, etc.)
Properties
A never-ending process by which rocks are changed from one type to another
Rock Cycle
Rock formed from bits or layers of rocks cemented together
Sedimentary Rock
A large region of the atmosphere where the air has similar properties throughout
Air Mass
The force put on a given area by the weight of the air above it
Air Pressure
A measure of how hot or cold something is
Temperature
An instrument used to measure temperature
Thermometer
A measurement of how much water vapor is in the air
Humidity
A boundary between air masses with different temperatures
Front
Statement of what is to come, prediction about weather
Forecast
A front where cold air moves in under warm air
Cold Front
A boundary between air masses where the warm air mass slides up and over the cold air mass
Warm Front
Condition of the atmosphere with respect to temperature, moisture, cloudiness: changes day to day
Weather
An instrument used to measure wind direction
Weather Vane