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23 Cards in this Set

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term for processes that require oxygen
Aerobic
term for processes that do not require oxygen
Anaerobic
chemical used as a drug to kill bacteria
Antibiotic
rod-shaped bacteria
Bacillus
virus that infects bacteria
Bacteriophage
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a virus
Capsid
a gelatinous outer layer enclosing many bacterial cell walls
Capsule
spherical-shaped bacterium
Coccus
temporary union of two organisms to exchange nuclear material
Conjugation
virus that evolves in a geographically isolated area and is pathogenic to humans
Emerging virus
dormant bacterial cell enclosed by a tough coating that is highly resistant to environmental stress
Endospore
outer layer of tissue, consisting of from one to several layers of dead cells
Envelope
protein with carbohydrate molecules attached
Glycoprotein
cycle in which a viral genome replicates as a provirus without destroying the host cell
Lysogenic Cycle
cycle of viral infection; results in replication of virus and cell destruction
Lytic Cycle
a disease causing agent
Pathogen
short, thick outgrowth of a bacterium that allows it to attach to another bacterium
Pilus
infectious particles composed of protein with no nucleic acid
Prion
the viral DNA which inserts into a host cell’s chromosome
Provirus
spiral-shaped bacterium
Spirillum
chemical compound excreted into the environment by bacteria that are poisonous to eukaryotic cells
Toxin
in plants, infectious disease agent composed of a single strand of RNA with no capsid
Viroid
a strand of nucleic acid encased in a protein coat that can infect cells and replicate within them
Virus