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13 Cards in this Set

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antibiotic
a substance used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria or other microorganisms
bacteria
extremely small, single-celled organisms without a nucleus; prokaryotic cells
binary fission
the simple cell division in which one cell splits into two; used by bacteria
bioremediation
the use of bacteria and other microorganisms to change pollutants in soil and water into harmless chemicals
endospore
a bacterium surrounded by a thick, protective membrane
flagella
a string coming from the bacteria
lysogenic cycle
?
lytic cycle
?
parasitic
a symbiotic association in which one organism benefits while the other is harmed
pathogenic bacteria
bacteria that invade a host organism and obtain the nutrients they need from the host's cells
pasteurization
a method of heating food and beverages to kill bacteria
prokaryotic
a cell that does not have a nucleus or any other membrane-covered organelles; also called a bacterium
virus
a microscopic particle that invades a cell and often destroys it