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20 Cards in this Set

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what is the endoplasmic reticulum's function?
inside transportation system.
makes lipids.
what is the function of the golgi apparatus?
external transportation system.
what is the function of the vacuole?
stores water.
what is the function of the cell wall?
support system.
what is the function of the chlorplast?
makes food using the energy of sunlight.
what is the function of a lysosome?
digests food particals, waste, and other foreign material.
what is the function of the centrioles?
plays a part in cell division.
what is the function of the cell membrane?
controls passage of material in and out of the cell.
what is the function of the cytoplasm?
keeps the cell together.
what is the function of the nucleus?
controls commands of every organelle.
acts as the brain of the cell.
what is the function of the nucleolus?
manufactures proteins.
what is the function of the nuclear membrane?
filters what enters the cell.
separates nucleus from the rest of the cell.
what is the function of a ribosome?
hooks amino acids together to form dna.
what is the function of a chromosome?
plays a part in cell division.
appears when cell is about to divide.
what is the function of mitochondria?
breaks down food molecules to form atp.
fill in the blanks of the cell theory:

1. all living things are made up of _.
2. cells are the basic units of _ and _ in living things.
3. living cells come only from other living _.
1. cells.
2. structure, function.
3. cells.
what are the differences and similarities between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
eukaryotes have nucleus, cell membrane, linear dna, all other cells.

prokaryotes have circular dna, only bacteria.

they both have dna and organelles.
what are the differences and similarities between animal and plant cells?
plant cells have cell walls, chloroplasts, large vacuoles.

animals have lysosomes, centrioles, and small vacuoles.

both have endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, vacuoles, membranes, cytoplasms, nucleus, ribosomes, mitochondria.
name 1 advantage that multicellular organisms have over unicellular.
1. small surface:volume ratio.
2. can grow larger.
3. perform more functions.
4. has specialized intestines.
5. can kill 1 cell without killing the entire organism.
why can't we be 1 big cell rather than trillions?
1. can't absorb as many nutrients.
2. smaller suface:ratio, meaning that you can be the same size, but in different units.