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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Variation
Differences in traits among individuals of a species
Behavior
Ways in which living things respond to stimuli
Enviornment
Everything that surrounds a living thing
Homeostasis
Ability of a living thing to keep conditions within it's body constant
Response
An organism's reaction to change
Stimulus
Something that causes a reaction to take place
Carrying Capacity
Largest ammount of a popultion that can be supported in an area
Ecology
Study of living things and their enviornments
Habitat
Place where an organism lives
Niche
An organisms role in it's enviornment
consumer
Organism that obtains food by eating other organisms
Ecosystem
All the living and nonliving things and the enviornment
Interaction
An organism's impact on it's enviornment
Producer
Organism that makes it's own food
Decomposer
Organism that breaks down the waste remains of other organisms
Limiting Factors
Conditions in an enviornment that limit where an organism can survive
Scavenger
An organism which feeds off the remains of dead organisms
2 facts about a Deciduous Forrest
Moderate climate, various animals and birds live here and a Deciduous forrest has a long growing season followed by a cold winter
2 facts about a Desert
Temperatures range from moderate to hot and there is very little rain, lizards and animals who are adapted to these conditions live here
2 facts about a Grassland
Moderate climate, large herds of animals and various shrubs and grasses live here
2 facts about a Taiga
A moist subarctic coniferous forest that begins where the tundra ends and is dominated by spruces and firs
2 facts about Tropical rain forrests
Large ammouns or rain, Tall trees grow here
2 fats about Tundra
Mosses and small shrubs grow here, ground is permanently frozen
Name the three parts of the cell theory
1) All living things are made up of one or more cells
2) Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things
3)Cells are created by other living cells
Chloroplast
Organelle of green plant cells where photosynthesis occurs
Nucleus
The ''control center'' of the cell
Osmosis
Movement of water through a membrane
Vacuole
Liquid filled spaces in a cell's cytoplasm
Cell
Basic unit of structure and functon in living things
Cell wall
Outer, nonliving part of a PLANT cell
Cytoplasm
All the living material inside a cell except the nucleus
Mitochandria
Rice shaped structures that produce a cell's energy
Organelles
small structures in a cell's cytoplasm tha carry out specific jobs
Ribosomes
Small, round structures that produce protein in a cell
Cell membrane
Thin structure that surrounds a cell
Diffusion
Movement of material from an area where molecules are crowded to a less crowded area
Mitosis
Divisoin of the nucleus
Organ
Group of tissues that work together to preform a certain job
Tissue
Group of cells that work together to preform a specific job
Who was ''Brown''
A scientist who invented the compound microscope
Who was ''Hooke''?
First scientist to observe cells
Who was Schwann?
Scientist who proved that cells are the basic unit of structure in living things
Who was Van Leeuwenhoek?
First scientist who observed living cells
Who was Aristotle and what did he do for science?
Greek philosopher who invented the first classification system: flora and fauna
Who was Linnaeus?
Invented the second classification which is still used today: included bacteria, protists, fungi and Monerans
What is a control?
Part of an experiment which is not changed
What is a variable?
Part of an experiment which is changed
Adaptation
Trait of an organism which helps it live in it's enviornment
Budding
Asexual reproduction in which a new organism is formed from a ''bud'' on the parent
Fission
Asexual reproduction in which a single parent splits in half to form a new organism
Migration
Movement of organisms from one habitat to another
Succession
Gradual change in an organism that occurs when it's enviornment is changed
Asexual Reproduction-Reproduction requiring only one parent
Reoproduction requiring only one parent
What topics would a biologist study?
Living things such as animals, plants, bacteria, fungi and protests
Name the six steps of the scientific method-1) State Problem
2)Gather Information
3)State hypothesis
4)Desighn an experiment
5)Record data
6)State conclusion
1)state the problem
2)Gather information
3)State hypothesis
4)Desighn an experiment
5)Record data
6)State conclusion