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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
substance created when two or more atoms combine
molecules made up of different kinds of atoms
What are the six elements?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous, and Sulfur
What do the six elements form when they combine?
Proteins, carbohydrates,lipids, ATP, and nucleic acids
large molecules made up of smaller molecules called amino acids
How are proteins made
Organisms break down proteins in food to supply the cells with amino acids, amino acids are linked together to form different kinds of proteins the body needs
What are some functions of proteins?
Protecting Cells, Form Hemoglobin to carry out oxygen, forms hair, spider-webs, horns, and feathers, speeds up chemical reactions with proteins called enzymes
Molecules made of sugar. Used as a source of energy of energy storage for cells
What is the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates?
Simple carbohydrates are made up of one or few sugar molecules, while complex carbohydrates are made up of hundreds of sugar molecules
Compounds that can't mix with water. They have jobs like storing energy and forming membranes of cells
form two layers of the cell membrane
Fats and Oils
Lipids that store energy, can be used by the body once the ecergy is used up from the carbohydraters.
What is the difference between Fats and Oils?
Oils are liquid and are found in plants, while fats are solid and are found in animals
What does ATP do?
ATP is the major energy caring molecule in the cell. It provides fuel for cellular activities. Energy in carbohydrates and lipids must be transferred to ATP before being used
What are Nuleic Acids?
They are large molecules made up of nucleotides. Contain all the information needed for a cell to make protein. Examples DNA and RNA. DNA has instructions that ells the order of amino acids that make protein.