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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alarms eople, high mortality, devasting, infectouis disease, mysterouis, quick loss of life
plague
the plague
bublonic plague
bublonic plague
the plague, 1447 whiped out 1/2 of europe
Robert Koch
1860s-80s, golden age of microbiology
when was the golden age of microbiology
1860s-1880s
3 types of plagues
bacterial, viral, other
plague, "black death" b or v
bacterial
leporsy, b or v
bacterial
cholera, b or v
bacterial
what was the disease of the 1800s
tuberculosis
what was the white plague and why
tuberculosis, northern europe was mainly affected
what was known as consumption
tuberculosis
what was known as the great pox
spyhilils
syphillis, b or v
bacterial
small pox, b or v
viral
influenza, b or v
viral
AIDS, b or v
viral
what causes guandice skin and eyes
yellow fever
what was the first human virus to be discovered
yellow fever
what was yellow fever transmitted through
bugs
yellow fever, b or v
viral
dengue fever, b or v
viral
what two diseases still are threats
yellow fever and dengue fever
hepatitus, b or v
viral
what disease is a liver disease and chronic
hepatitius
hepatitus
liver disease, chronic, causes yellowing,
what types of hepatitus do most people have
b and c
malaria
not viral or bacterial, has to got through two cycles
sleeping sickness
not viral or bacterial
food poisoning, b or v
bacterial
associated with processed meats
food poisoning- e coli and saminla
two types of food poisoning
e coli and saminla
lyme disease, b or v
bacterial
transmitted through ticks
lyme disease
what affects the body like syphillis
lyme disease
lyme disease, b or v
bacterial
legionneires Disease, b or v
bacterial
legioneirres disease
named after conventions in 1977, found in water and soil, inhail organism
how did parrot fever/psittacosis start
birds shipped into europe for xmas, birds carry disease
when did the parrot fever/psittacosis occur
1930s
ebola/marburg Hemorrhagic fevers, b or v
viral
Hantavirus Pulmonary syndrome, b or v
viral
West Nile Virus/ Encephalitis, b or v
viral
SARS, b or v
viral
Avian Flu, b or v
viral
kuru
started through cannibalism, not b or v
vCJD
mad cow disease
who is responsible for the germ theory of disease
Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch
when was the germ theory of disease made
1870-1880
John Snow
investigated cholera in london and figured out it was directly related to the broad street pump
what did most people die from in the year 2000
67 percent chronic diseases
when did aids peak
1994
how much does aids treatment cost
intially 14000 but now 6000
Who came up with the postulates
Robert Koch
what are Koch's postulates
1. agent is found only in diseased host
2. isolate and grow agent in pure culture
3. inoculate and induce disease in new host
4. reisolate agent and show that it is the same
is Koch's postulates for viral or bacterial diseases
both
who did a public presentatoin with anthrax and rabeas vaccine
Pasteur
how did pasteur make vaccine
tooks straints and let them grow and mutate and put small doses in animals so that they would develop antibodies
normal flora
skin bacteria
how much is our body infected
our body is in a constant state of infection
oppurtunistic agents
doesn't necesarily cause disease but it does in those that are already sick it makes them worse
virulent pathogens
if its in you, you have disease
how many people that have polio virus get infected
1 in 100
how many people that have west nile get infected
1 in 100
how many people that have Ebola virus get infected
100 percent
how many pople that have rabies virus get infected
100 percent
morbility
sickness
mortality
death
what characterizes a disease
morbidity/mortality
symptoms-localized or systemic
loss of normal activities
covers common cold to rabies
is the common cold considered a disease
yes
reservoirs
where the disease stays when it is not active
ex) bat, mostquito
acute phase
symptoms apparent
how long is incubition phase
depends on disease, anywhere from 2-15 days
convalescense
infected person can still infect people
chronic infection
later sequil to disease, can relapse way worse
what is the progression of disease
reservoirs, transmission, exposure, incubation and incubation peroid, acute phase, convalescence, chronic infection