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18 Cards in this Set

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The process by which producers, such as plants, make their own food by using energy from the Sun.
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis takes place primarily in the leaves of plants.
Main function of _______:
To produce food for the plant.
leaf
Tiny cell structures that contain a green pigment called chlorophyll and collects light energy from the Sun.
chloroplast
Substance that uses the Sun's light energy to change carbon dioxide and water into food or glucose.
chlorophyll
Food produced by plants that is like sugar.
glucose
The process of using oxygen to release energy from food.
cell respirtation
Animals and plants release carbon dioxide as a waste product of cell respiration.
Waste product of plants.
oxygen
In leaves, leafstalks, roots, stems or other plant parts as starch.
Where do plants store food?
1. to grow
2. to produce seeds
3. to carry out life functions
4. to release energy in food
Name ways plants use energy in glucose.
A growth response of a plant to conditions in the environment, such as light or water.
tropism
Growing toward a light source is an example of a plant tropism.
Growing toward the center of the Earth like roots do is called.
geotropic response
Roots grow down into the soil to get water and nutrients.
Grow toward sunlight.
Name the direction that leaves and stems grow towards.
Stems may bend toward a light source.
When plant roots grow toward a wet area.
hydrotropic response
When roots come into contact with moist soil, they grow toward the moisture.
Threadlike parts on some plants that wrap around objects to support the plant.
tendrils
This response is called thigmotropism or response to touch.
The process of breaking down food into nutrients that cells can absorb.
digestion
Digestion in a frog provides it with the energy needed to carry out its life processes.
Used to build new cells and to repair damaged cells.
the nutrients in food
the digestive system
the respiratory system (oxygen--lungs)
the circulatory system
(heart & blood)
the excretory (waste) system & digestive system
animal body systems
1. mouth, 2. stomach, 3. esophagus, stomach, kidney, small intestine, large intestine, rectum
parts of the digestive system