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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
actin
the contractile protein that makes up thin myofilaments in muscle fibers
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
afferent
conveying impuulses from the body toward the brain of spinal cord
afferent arteriole
a blood vessel in the kidney that breaks up into the glomerulus
allogenic transplant
transplant involving tissue from another person (who is not a twin)
alveoli
air sacs in the lungs
amphiarthortic joint
slightly movable joint that does not contain a joint cavity
anabolic
having to do with teh constructive part of metabolism; opposite of catabolic
anatomical position
position of the body universally used in anatomical descriptions in which the body is erect, facing the observer, with the head level and the eyes facing forward, the upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward, feet on teh floor, facing forward
anatomy
the structure or the study of the structure of the body and the relation of the body's parts to one another
anerysm
a blood-filled dialation resulting from disease or weakness of the vessel wall
aqueous humor
watery fluid that fills the anterior of the eye
articulating
refers to a point of contact b/w bones, cartilage
artioventicular (AV) conduction system
the system of specialized muscle tissue that generates an distributes electrical impulses that stimulate cardia muscle fibers to contract
autologous transplant
a transplant involving tissue from teh same individual or a twin
autonomic nervous system
visceral motor neurons, both sympathetic and parasympathetic, that transmit nerve impulses from teh central nervous system to smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, an glands
AV (artioventiccular) node
the part of the conduction system of the heart comprised of a compact mass of conducting cells located near the orifice of the coronary sinus in the right atrial wall
axon
the usually single, long process of a nerve cell that carries a nerve impulse away from the cell body
baroreceptor
a nerve cell capable of responding to changes in blood, air, or fluid pressure