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23 Cards in this Set

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many-celled, plantlike protists that have chlorolphyll and produce their own food;can be different colors
algae
short, threadlike structures that stick out from the cell mambrane and help the organism move quickly in any direction
cilia
long, thin, whiplike structures of protists that helps them move from place to place
flagellum
little, saclike reproductive structures in which sac fungi produce spores
acus
club shaped reproductive structures in which club fungi produce spored
basiduim
form of asexual reproduction in which a new, genetically identical organism forms on the side of the parent organism
budding
many-celled, threadlike tubes that form the body of a fungus
hyphae
an organism made up of a fungus and either a green alga or a cyanobacterium
lichen
a one-celled or many-celled eukaryotic organism that lives in moist or wet places
protist
one-celled animal-like protist that live in water or soil, or on living and dead organisms
protozoans
a nework of hyphae and roots that helps plants absorb more of certain nutrients from the soil
mycorrihizae
an organim that gets food by absorbing dead and rotting tissues of other organisms
saprophyte
the round spore case of a zygospore fungus
sporangium
a waterproof reproductive cell of a fungus that can grow into a new organism
spore
any organism that uses oxygen for respiraction
aerobe
any organism that is able to live without oxygen
anaerobe
chemicals produced by some bacteria that are used to limit the growth of other bacteria
antibiotics
bacteria that convert nitrogen in the air into forms that can be used by plants and animals
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
a disease-producing organism
pathogen
a poisonous substance produced by some pathogens
toxin
a preparation made from the killed bacteria or damaged particles from bacterial and vial diseases
vaccine
the simplest form of asexual reproduction in which two new cells are produced with genetic material identical to each other and identical to the previous cell
fission
thick-walled, protective structure produced by some bacteria when conditions are unfavorable for survival
endorspores