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42 Cards in this Set

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eubacteria kingdom
UNIcellular
-many are parasites; some form colonies. "Eu live all over"
-shapes: round, spiral or rod
-bad forms: strep throat, Lyme Disease
-good forms: yogurt, sourdough bread
archaebacteria kingdom
UNIcellular
-many found in extremely harsh environments. (hot springs, salt ponds, animal intestines)
fungi kingdom
MOST are MULTIcellular
-Obtains ENERGY by BREAKING DOWN ORGANIC MATERIAL
-contains cell walls that are NOT GREEN.
-DOES NOT carry out photosynthesis.
-examples: mushrooms, mold, mildew
plant kingdom
MULTIcellular
-obtains ENERGY through PHOTOSYNTHESIS
-contains cell walls
-example: ferns
animal kingdom
MULTIcellular
-obtains ENERGY through RESPIRATION
-contains NO cell walls
-consists of INVERTEBRATES and VERTEBRATES
-largest kingdom
protist kingdom
MULTIcellular or UNIcellular
-wide variety of forms "odds and ends kingdom"
-can be animal-like (protists), plant-like (algae), or fungus-like
-not classified as bacteria because protists are complex cells
Name the SIX KINGDOMS
plants
animals
protists
fungi
archaebacteria
eubacteria
Name the TWO BACTERIA KINGDOMS
archaebacteria
eubacteria
consumers
organisms that are heterotrophic (receives their nutrition from another)
-example: all animals
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
-mostly found in the soil
-changes the nitrogen in the air into a form that can be used by a plant
nucleus
directs all cell activities (core of cell)
flagella
whip like tail used by bacteria for mobility
nocturnal
most active at night
dichotomous keys
-most common keys
-have 2 steps for each number (couplets)
abiotic elements
-non-living
-examples: air, water and soil
How do many desert plants and their seeds survive the harsh environment?
By remaining DORMANT for long periods of time until the next rainfall.
Which 2 biomes have poor soil?
The tundra and tropical rainforest.
Which biome is the most biologically diverse?
The tropical rainforest.
How do the small, waxy leaves of some desert and taiga plants/trees help prevent the loss of water?
Through traspiration (The loss of water vapor from a plant; mostly from the open stomata)
How much precipitation does the rainforest receive per year?
No more than 400 inches. (80-400 inches per year)
What type of root systems do desert succulents have and why?
They have shallow root systems so they can absorb water before it evaporates.
What type of animal species dominate desert biomes?
Species of reptiles and small mammals like the kangaroo rat dominate the desert biomes.
What are the grasslands called in Asia?
Steppes
What are the tundra biomes called that are located in the higher elevations of the mountains?
Alpine tundras
aquatic
found in water
marine
found in the ocean
terrestrial
found on land
Why are eastern African savannas more biologically diverse than other grasslands?
Because tropical grasslands receive more annual rainfall.
Where do the majority of rainforest animals live?
In the canopy.
Typically, the soil of the grasslands and temperate deciduous forests are _________?
Thick and rich.
___________ animals move from one area to another during the year.
Migratory
What is the name of the dominant species of animals that live in grassland biomes?
Ungulates (grazers)
___________ is the language used for scientific names.
Latin
What is the dominant species of plants found in the taiga biome?
Coniferous (cone bearing) evergreens.
What are the 2 parts of a scientific name?
(in order)
the genus name (1st part)
the species name (2nd part)
Decomposers
(definition and examples)
Essential parts of any ecosystem because they break down organic material so that it can be used again by organisms at the base of the food chain.
examples: fungi, slime molds, and bacteria
The non-venomous king snake looks similar to the highly venomous coral snake. This is an example of one type of ___________.
mimicry.
The octopus can change its color to match surroundings. This is an example of _________.
camouflage
In order for organisms to be able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring, they must be members of the same _________.
species
deciduous
a term that refers to trees that drop their leaves annually.
Name 2 animals that are generally found in the tundra biome.
reindeer
caribou
Where are the most biologically diverse grasslands on the planet?
Eastern Africa