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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What organ produces both pancreatic juice and insulin
Pancreas
What are the wavelike muscular contractions in the digestive system called?
Peristalsis
What is the amount of energy that can be obtained from nutrients called?
Calories
What are the usable portion of food called?
Nutrients
What is the physical action of breaking down food into smaller parts called
Mechanical digestion
What is the breaking down of food into simpler substances through chemical processes called?
Chemical digestion
Where are nutrients absorbed into the blood?
Small intestine
What is the soft triangular organ located between the stomach and small intestine?
Pancreas
What is theJ-shaped muscular organ connected to the end of the esophagus?
Stomach
What is the gastric juice released by the cells in the stomach called?
Pepsin
What are the finger like structures that form the inner lining of the small intestine called?
Villi
What is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach?
Esophagus
What is the chemical substance that is contained in saliva and breaks down starches into sugars?
Ptyalin