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69 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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What are the four basic body tissues?
Muscle,Connective,Nerve,and Epithelial Tissue.
M,C,N,ET
What is a group of similar cells that preform the same function?
Tissue
What is a group of differant tissue types that preform the same function called?
Organ
What are the connective tissues that hold bones together?
Ligaments
Name three purposes of the skeletal system.
Gives the body shape and support,moves and protects it, and stores minerals.
S&S M&P Stores M*******
What is the flexible connective tissue that supports,connects,or cushions other skeletal parts called?
Cartilage
What is the tough membrane that surrounds the bone shaft?
Periosteum
Peer eo ste um
What is the purpose of the Haversian canals?
Their blood vessels bring food and oxygen to living bone cells
Blood vessels bring______&_____ to _______ ______ ____
What is the soft yellow or red material inside most bone cavities called?
Marrow
The name given to the place where two or more bones meet...
Joint
What does the word contract mean?
Shorten
What is the only tissue that can contract?
Muscle Tissue
What is the name of the connective tissue that connects muscle to bone called?
Tendons
What is the name of the muscle that controls movements in the digestive system and circulatory system?
Smooth Muscles
Not rough but ______
What type of muscle makes up the heart?
Cardiac
As one muscle contracts, what is the other muscle doing?
Relaxing
What is the process of breaking down food into simple substances for use by the body called?
Digestion
What is the name of the chemicals that break down food?
Enzyme
Name the chemical found in saliva
Ptyalin
Saliva breaks down what food?
Starches and simple sugars
What is the type of digestion that breaks down food using chemicals?
Chemical Digestion
What is the type of digestion that breaks down food without using chemicals?
Mechanical digestion
what are the wavelike contractions that move food through the digestive system?
Peristalsis
What is the muscular tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach called?
Esophagus
Where is gastric juice formed?
Stomach
What are the two chemicals in gastric juice?
Hydrochloric acid,mucus,and pepsin.
HA&M&P
What food does gastric juice work to break down?
Proteins
What is the substance that protects the stomach from acids?
Mucus
Name the organ where most absorbition of nutrients takes place.
Small Intestine
small
What two digestive organs do not come into contact with food?

(Not sure)
Liver and Pancreas
What are the fingerlike projections that absorb nutrients in the small intestine?
Villi
What are two things that are absorbed in the large intestine?
Water and Vitamins.
w&v
What is the name of the wall of tissue that separates the right and left halves of the heart?
Septum
What substances are transported by the circulatory system?
Blood, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Food wastes, disease-fighting cells, and chemical messengers.
B,O,CD,Fw,DFC,CM
What is the name of the collecting chambers of the heart?
Right atrium
What is the name of the pumping chambers of the heart?
Ventricles
What prevents the backflow of blood in the circulatory system?
Valves
What regulates the contractions of the heart?
The hearts pacemaker
What blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?
Arteries
What blood vessels carry blood to the heart?
Veins
What blood vessels have membranes so small that oxygen and carbon dioxide can pass through them?
Capillaries
What is another name for something dealing with the heart?
Cardiovascular
Not Pacemaker!
What is another name for something dealing with the kidneys?
Execratory
What is another name for something dealing with the lungs?
Respiratory
What is blood made up?
Plasma
Which blood cell carries oxygen?
Red blood cells
It doesn't fight disease
Which blood cell carries carbon dioxide?
(maybe)
White Blood cells
Which blood cell clots blood?
Platelets
Which blood cell searches out and fights invaders?
White Blood Cells
Where are blood cells formed?
Bone Marrow
What is the grapelike structure in the lung responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide?
Alveoli
What is the name of the flap of tissue that closes over the trachea when you swallow?
Epiglottis
What is the male sex cell called?
Sperm
What is the female sex cell called?
Egg or Ovum
Female sex cells are produced in what organ?
Ovaries
Male sex cells are produced in what organ?
Testes
How many genes do you receive from each parent?
23
What is a fertilized egg called?
zygote
What reproductive organ acts as a home for the developing fetus for nine months?
Uterus
What is the term used to describe the periodic shedding of the uterus lining?
Menstruation
The uterus lining will only shed when this occurs....
when the egg isn't fertilized
What are the parts of the central nervous system?
Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the name of a nerve cell?
Nueron
What part of the nervous system does a reflex signal not pass through?
Synapse
What is the light sensitive back layer of the eye called?
Retina
What nerve connects to the eye?
Optic Nerve
What is the long fiber of a nueron that carries an impulse away from the cell body called?
Axon
What lab experience showed us that we process words and colros differently?
The Stoop Effect
What is responsible for the "blind spot" in our vision?
There are no receptors in the area where the optic nerve is attatched to the retina.
No ********* where ON and R are attatched