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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Double helix
The structure of DNA
Replication
The process of synthesizing a new strand of DNA
Gene
Section of DNA on a chromosome that contains instructions for making specific proteins
Transcription
When the information on a DNA strand is transferred to mRNA
Translation
The information on mRNA is used to make protein on the ribosomes in the cytoplasm
Name 3 parts of nucleotide
Simple sugar(deoxyribose)
Phosphate
Nitrogen base
Name 4 nitrogen bases
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
Discovered DNA 1953
James Watson
Francis Crick
A always bonds to
T
G always bonds to
C
Unwinds the double helix
Helicase
Moves along each of the DNA strands adding complimentary nucleotides
DNA polymerase
How is RNA different from DNA?
Single strand of nucleotides
Ribose not deoxyribose
Uracil instead of thymine
Gene expression
Processing the information from DNA into proteins
2 stages of gene expression
Transcription
Translation