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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a dicohotomos key?
A key that helps you identify an organism.
How does a dichotomous key work?
It starts out with 2 choices and follows with a series of questions that have a yes or no answer to eliminate categories.
What does binomial nomenclature mean?
it is a two name naming system using the Genus and Species of the organism to be named.
Who used binomial nomenclature first?
Linnaeus
How is binomial nomenclature written correctly?
the Genus is capitalized (first letter only) and the species is all small letters and all the words are either underlined or italicized.Example: for wolf - Canis lupus
What are the raw materials of photosynthesis?
sunlight, water and carbon dioxide (co2)
What does photosynthesis produce?
oxygen (o2) and glucose
In what organelle does photosynthesis occur?
chloroplasts
What is taxonomy?
a name that describes the formal grouping of things
What are the raw materials of cellular respiration?
Oxygen (o2) and glucose.
What are the products of cellular respiration?
carbon dioxide (co2) and energy
What is asexual reproduction?
When an organism makes a copy of itself
What are some of the benefits associated with asexual reproduction?
a lot can be made in little time, all can be killed at once using antibiotics but one mutation cell can make an entire new colony
What is sexual reproduction?
1/2 the DNA from each parent
What are some of the benefits associated with sexual reproduction?
slow reproduction/ more variety
List some important facts about Aristotle
he was a Greek philosopher that developed one of the earliest systems of classification.
List some important facts about C. Darwin
He developed the theory of evolution which says there is change over time. He also had a theory of Natural selection which said that only organism's with mutation that give them the traits that help tham survive will have babires and the babies will also have these traits. Eventually all species will have the traits. (survival of the fittest)
List some important facts about G. Mendel
He was an Austrian Monk. He did the basics of heredity . He crossed sweet peas and found that some DNA have dominance over others.
List some important facts about Lamark
He theorized that animals change to meet their needs (not genectically) and these aquired traits are passed to their offspring.