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17 Cards in this Set

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Inorganic
not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Crystal
The repeating pattern of a mineral's particles forms a solid
Element
a substance composed of a single kind of atom
Compound
a substance in which two or more elements are chemically joined
Mohs Hardness Scale
a scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
Streak
the color of a mineral's powder
Luster
the way a mineral reflects light from its surfaces
Cleavage
a mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
Fracture
The way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way
Flourescence
the property of a mineral in which the mineral glows under ultraviolet light
Solution
a mixture in which one substance dissolves in another
Vein
a narrow channel or slab of a mineral that is much different from the surrounding rock
Gemstone
a hard, colorful mineral that has a brilliant or glassy luster
Ore
a rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral
Alloy
a solid mixture of two or more metals
Smelting
The process by which ore is melted to seperate the useful metal from the other elements
Mineral
A mineral is a naturally occuring, inorganic solid that has a crystal sturcture and a definite chemical composition.