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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air
pharynx
tiny, thin walled, grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchiole that are surrounded by capillaries; co2 and oxygen exchange takes place
alveoli
airway to which the vocal cords are attached
larynx
muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body
diaphragm
air-conducting tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi; is lined with mucous membranes and cilia, and contains strong cartilage rings
trachea
lung disease in which the alveoli enlarge
emphysema
two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs
bronchi
lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction
asthma
system of excretory organs that rids the blood of wastes, controls blood volume by removing excess water, and balances concentrations of salts and water
urinary system
wastewater that contains excess water, salts, and other wastes that are not reabsorbed by the body
urine
bean-shaped urinary system organ that is made up of about 1 million nephrons and filters blood, producing urine
kidney
tiny filtering unit of the kidney
nephron
tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder
ureter
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body through the urethra
bladder
tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
urethra