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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Trait
A specific feature of something
Example: brown eyes; red hair
Organism
A living thing that has all the traits of life
Environment
Everything in an organism's surrounding
(other organisms, water, weather, temperature, soil, sound and light)
Development
All of the changes that take place during the life of an organism
Cell
The smallest unit of life in a living thing
Basic Needs of Living Organisms
Energy
Water
Oxygen
Minerals
Classification
The grouping of objects or information based on common traits
Species
A group of organisms that can mate with one another
Kingdom
A large group of organisms that share certain features
Six Kingdoms of Living Things
1. Archaebacteria
2. Eubacteria
3. Protists
4. Fungi
5. Plant
6. Animal
Bacteria Kingdom
(Eubacteria & Archaebacteria)
single celled; some move around; get energy from eating food; some make their own food
Protist Kingdom
- single-celled and many-celled
- some move around
- some obtain energy from eating food; some make their own food
Fungi Kingdom
- single-celled and many-celled
- do not move around
- obtain energy by feeding on dead or decaying tissue
Plant Kingdom
- many-celled
- do not move around
- make their own food
Chlorophyll
Green chemical which enables plants to make food
Animal Kingdom
- many-celled
- all species move around
- get energy by eating food
Virus
A particle that has things in common with both living and non-living things
- it doesn't eat, grow, or respond to the environment
Examples of Viruses
- a cold
- HIV
- Hepatitus B
Vaccine
A preparation made from dead or weak viruses that is given by mouth or needle and which causes the body to make substances that resist particular viruses