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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
binary fission
The simple cell division in which one cell splits into two; used by bacteria.
endospore
A bacterium surrounded by a thick protective membrane.
bioremediation
The use of bacteria and other microorganisms to change pollutants in soil/water into harmless chemicals.
antibiotic
A substance used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria or other microorganisms.
pathogenic bacteria
Bacteria that invade a host organism and obtain the nutrients they need from the host cells.
virus
A microscopic particle that invades a cell and often destroys it.
host
An organism on which a parasite lives.
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
(extra word)
Consumes nitrogen in the air and soil and changes it into a form plants can use.
The Lytic Cycle
(extra word)
The reproductive cycle of viruses.
prokaryotic cell
(review word for this chapter)
A cell with no nucleus.