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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
taking in food; eating
nucleic acid that "reads" the genetic information carried by DNA and guides the protein making process
substance that supplies the body with energy and also helps support and cushion the vital organs in the body:
solid at room temperature
one of the main types of carbohydrates
a process where large carbohydrates are broken down into smaller carbohydrates
process in which simple food substances such as glucose are broken down and the energy they contain is released
signal to which an organism reacts; changes in the environment
ability of an organism to keep conditions inside its body the same, even though conditions in its external environment change
the growth of a human body
Sexual Reproduction
reproduction usually involving two parents in which a sex cell from each parent unite to form an offspring
the process of moving
energy rich substance found in foods such as vegetables, cereal grains, and breads ;sugars and starches.
they are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
they serve as the main source of energy.
substance used to build and repair cells; made up of amino acids.
are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and phosphorus.
-include fats, waxes and oils
-composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
-secondary source of energy
Nucleic Acids
large, organic compound that stores information that helps the body make the proteins it needs; DNA or RNA.
Spontaneous Generation
hypothesis that states that life can spring from non-living matter.
Francesco Redi
an Italian physician who was the first to attempt to disprove spontaneous generation.
Inorganic Compounds
compound found in living things that does not contain the element carbon
Organic Compounds
compound found in living things that contains the element carbon.
nucleic acid that stores the information needed to build proteins and carries genetic information about an organism.
speed up or slow down a chemical reactions but are not used up by the reaction.
Amino Acids
building blocks of protein.
DNA is the molecule of which your genes are made.
also known as polysaccharides.
starches are also complex carbohydrates.
the sum total of all chemical activities in an organism.
the process of getting rid of waste materials.
some action or movement of an organism brought on by a stimulus.
Life Span
maximum length of time an organism can be expected to live.
Asexual Reproduction
reproduction requiring only one parent.
the struggle among organisms, both of the same or different species to fight for food, water, and energy from the sun.
All living things need energy. The primary source of energy is the sun. That is where the organisms in plants or animals get there energy to run, or produce more flowers.
Lazzaro Spallanzani
was an Italian naturalist, who also attemted to disprove the theory after about one hundred years after Redi.
-Theory solved by using the broth
Louis Pasteur
he finally disproved the theory using the "S" shaped tubes connected to the broth.
the production of living organisms from other living organisms