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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ingestion
taking in food; eating
RNA
nucleic acid that "reads" the genetic information carried by DNA and guides the protein making process
Fats
substance that supplies the body with energy and also helps support and cushion the vital organs in the body:
solid at room temperature
Sugar
one of the main types of carbohydrates
Digestion
a process where large carbohydrates are broken down into smaller carbohydrates
Respiration
process in which simple food substances such as glucose are broken down and the energy they contain is released
Stimulus
signal to which an organism reacts; changes in the environment
Homeostasis
ability of an organism to keep conditions inside its body the same, even though conditions in its external environment change
Development
the growth of a human body
Sexual Reproduction
reproduction usually involving two parents in which a sex cell from each parent unite to form an offspring
Movement
the process of moving
Carbohydrates
energy rich substance found in foods such as vegetables, cereal grains, and breads ;sugars and starches.
they are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
they serve as the main source of energy.
Proteins
substance used to build and repair cells; made up of amino acids.
are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur and phosphorus.
Lipids
-include fats, waxes and oils
-composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
-secondary source of energy
Nucleic Acids
large, organic compound that stores information that helps the body make the proteins it needs; DNA or RNA.
Spontaneous Generation
hypothesis that states that life can spring from non-living matter.
Francesco Redi
an Italian physician who was the first to attempt to disprove spontaneous generation.
Inorganic Compounds
compound found in living things that does not contain the element carbon
Organic Compounds
compound found in living things that contains the element carbon.
DNA
nucleic acid that stores the information needed to build proteins and carries genetic information about an organism.
Catalyst
speed up or slow down a chemical reactions but are not used up by the reaction.
Amino Acids
building blocks of protein.
Genes
DNA is the molecule of which your genes are made.
Starch
also known as polysaccharides.
starches are also complex carbohydrates.
Metabolism
the sum total of all chemical activities in an organism.
Excretion
the process of getting rid of waste materials.
Response
some action or movement of an organism brought on by a stimulus.
Life Span
maximum length of time an organism can be expected to live.
Asexual Reproduction
reproduction requiring only one parent.
Competition
the struggle among organisms, both of the same or different species to fight for food, water, and energy from the sun.
Energy
All living things need energy. The primary source of energy is the sun. That is where the organisms in plants or animals get there energy to run, or produce more flowers.
Lazzaro Spallanzani
was an Italian naturalist, who also attemted to disprove the theory after about one hundred years after Redi.
-Theory solved by using the broth
Louis Pasteur
he finally disproved the theory using the "S" shaped tubes connected to the broth.
Biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms