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27 Cards in this Set

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waxy, watertight, outer covering if nonwoody aboveground parts of a plant
Cuticle
opening in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enables gas exchange to occur
Stoma
one of a pair of specialized cells that border a stoma
Guard cell
system of vascular tissues that transport water and other materials in plants
Vascular system
plant that does not have a vascular system
Nonvascular plant
plant that has a vascular system
Vascular plant
structure that consists of a plant embryo surrounded by a protective coat
Seed
early stage in the development of plants and animals; term for a developing human during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy
Embryo
vascular plant that produces seeds
Seed plant
reproductive structure of angiosperms; produces pollen in the anthers of stamens and seeds in a fruit; the mature ovary of a pistil
Flower
type of vascular tissue in plants, that contains soft-walled conducting cells through which organic compounds are transported throughout the body of a plant
Phloem
type of vascular tissue in plants that contains hard-walled conducting cells that transport water and dissolved minerals upward from the roots to the leaves
Xylem
portion of a plant that grows mostly upward and aboveground
Shoot
portion of a plant that grows mostly downward and below ground
Root
region (or zone) of actively dividing, undifferentiated plant cells that are capable of developing into specialized plant tissues
Meristem
hypha that acts as an anchor for a fungus; hairlike projection that anchors a nonvascular plant
Rhizoid
horizontal underground stem
Rhizome
long, highly divided leaf of a fern
Frond
in plants, a cluster of non-green spore-bearing leaves; in animals, photoreceptor of the retina of the eye that detects color
Cone
seed plant that produces seeds that do not develop with a fruit
Gymnosperm
seed plant that produces reproductive structures in flowers and seeds within a fruit
Angiosperm
nutritious triploid tissue that develops in the seeds of angiosperms
Endosperm
monocotyledon; angiosperm that produces seeds with a single cotyledon
Monocot
dicotyledon; angiosperm that produces seeds with two cotyledons
Dicot
any nonreproductive part of a plant
Vegetative part
type of grass plant that produces edible fruits called grains and is grown as food for humans and livestock
Cereal
edible dry fruit of a cereal grass
Grain