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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
lyosomes
structures that break down particles into smallr ones
element
substance that can not be broken down into a smaller one
atom
smallest unit of an element
compound
two or more elements combine
molecule
smallest unit of a compound
carbolhydrate
compound made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
proteins
large organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and some cases sulfur
organelles
iny cell structures
cell wall
rigid layer of nonliving material
cell membrane
controls what substances come in and out of the cell
chromatin
thin strands floating directly ahead of the nucleus
cytosplasm
region between the cell membrane and nucleus
mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell
endoplasmic reticulum
maze of passageways in a cell
ribosomes
small grainlike bodies
golgi body
cells mailroom
chloroplasts
captures sunlight to produce food for the cell
vacuole
storage area of cell
amino acids
protein molecule made of smaller molecules
enzyme
type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
nucleic acids
very large organic molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus