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47 Cards in this Set

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Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
Propane
C3H8
Butane
C4H10
Ethene
C2H4
What is the OH group?
alcohols
TF - Acids will conduct an electric current
T
TF - Acids taste bitter
F
TF - Bases feel slippery
T
TF - Soaps contain acids
F
TF - Acids dissolve many non-metals
F
TF - Vinegar contains bases
F
TF - Drain cleaners contain strong acids
F
TF - Milk is a weak base
F
Acids
substance that produces hydrogen ioins in a water solution
Bases
substance that produces hydroxide ions in a water solution.
Neutralization Reaction
between an acid and a base where they neutralize eachother to try to come as close to the pH of 7 as possible; produces a salt and water
Hydrocarbons
1) Contain H + C
2) Found in straight, branched chains or rings
3) Major source of energy for heating and running machines
4) Examples: plastic, medicines, synthetic materials (nylon, acrylic)
organic compounds
all compounds that contain carbon
what element is involved in forming organic compounds?
carbon. ^.^
Organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds and the chemistry of life
What type of bond does carbon form?
Covalent
In a single bond, how many electrons are shared? In a double bond? Triple?
single - 2 atoms share 1 pair of e
double - 2 atoms share 2 pairs of e
triple - 2 atoms share 3 pairs of e
What new info does the structural formula give you that a molecular formula doesn't?
tells you what kinds of bonds there are - single vs. double
What does each - represent in a structural formula?
a bond
Isomer
When 1 or more structure exists for 1 formula, each structure is an isomer of the other
What is the difference between butane and methylpropane?
In Butane, each Carbon has at least 2 hydrogens and they are all in a straight chain, while Methylpropane's carbons have 3 hydrogens except for one which has 1 hydrogen. They are in a branched chain. These 2 are isomers of eachother.
Acid is a substance that produces _______ in a water solution.
hydrogen ions
Base is a substance that produces _____ in a water solution.
Hydroxide ions
Properties of Bases
1) bitter
2) turns pH paper blue
3) neutralizes acids
4) slippery
5) hydroxides
Name some strong bases
sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
potassium hydroxide (KOH)
Name some household bases
drain cleaner
oven cleaner
hand soaps
Properties of Acids
1) sour
2) turns pH paper red
3) neutralize bases
4) have one or more hydrogens
5)conduct electricity (electrolytes)
strong acids`
sulfuric acid
nitric acid
hydrochloric acid
weak acids
citric acid
lactic acid
carbonic acid
vinegar and lemon juice both taste _______.
sour
Acids turn blue pH paper _______
red
Acids react with bases in a ________ reaction, products created from reaction are neither acids nor bases.
neutralization
What is responsible for most of the properties in acids?
Their properties depend on how many hydrogen atoms they have.
Bases feel ______ because they react with oils on our skin and form soap.
slippery
When are salts formed?
When acids and bases neutralize their pHs
>7=
7=
<7=
acid
neutral
base
What is the pH of our blood?
Most of the time it's 7.35 to 7.45
pH
measurement of acid/base content in a solution
What has the pH of 7?
salt
What has the pH of 3?
acid
What has the pH of 9?
base