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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the forces that join atoms to each other
chemical bonds
electricity generated from the force of moving water
hydroelectric energy
a form of hydroelectric energy that produces electricity from the rising and falling of tides
tidal energy
organic matter, such as wood, that is living or was recently alive
biomass
the energy released when the nucleus of an atom is split apart
nuclear energy
heat from inside the earth
georthermal energy
the energy of sunlight
solar energy
the energy released when the nuclei of two atoms are forced together to form a larger nucleus
fusion energy
the ability to cause changes in matter
energy
the energy of motion
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of where it is or because of its condition
potential energy
when an object gains or loses electrons
electric charge
an attraction or repulsion
electric force
the flow of electrons
electric current
material that conducts electrons easily
conductor
is any path along which electrons can flow
electric circuit
a material that does not carry electrons
insulator
material that resist electric current
resistors
the link between electricity and magnetism
electromagnet
the colors of light that objects reflect are the colors we see
reflection
the bending of light rays
refraction
a piece of clear material that bends, or refracts, light rays passing through it
lens
the frequency at which sound waves move
pitch
the loudness of a sound
volume
the average kinetic energy of all the molecules in an object
temperature
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another
heat
the direct transfer of thermal energy between objects that touch
conduction
thermal energy transfer as a result of the mixing of a liquid or a gas
convection
the transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves
radiation