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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a tissue that covers and protects underlying tissue
epithelial tissue
a tissue that sends electrical signals through the body
nervous tissue
a tissue that is made of cells that can contract and relax to produce movement
muscle tissue
a tissue that joins, supports, protects, insulates, nourishes, and cushions organs
connective tissue
the ___ sytem is your skin, hair, and nails protect underlying tissue
integumentary
the ___ system is where your skeletal muscles move your bones
muscular
your ___ system is where your bones provide a frame to support and protect body parts
skeletal
the ___ system is where your heart pumps blood through all your blodd vessels
cardiovascular
it is the role of the ___ system to receive and send electrical messages throughout the body.
nervous
your ___ system returns leaked fluids to the blood vessels. It also gets rid of germs that can harm you.
lymphatic
your ___ system breaks down the food you eat into nutriets that can be absorbed into your body
digestive
the ___ system is where the glands regulate body functions by sending out chemical messengers
endocrine
the system where your lungs absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide
respirtory system
your ___ system removes wastes from the blood and regulates the body's fluids
urinary
the ___ ___ system produces and delivers sperm
male reproductive
the ___ ___ system produces eggs and nourishes and shelters the unborn baby
female reproductive
a soft tissue that either produces blood cells or stores fat
marrow
the type of bone tissue that does not have open spaces
compact bone
___ muscle enables bones to move
skeletal
a type of bone tissue that has many open spaces and contains marrow
spongy bone
a flexible tissue that gives support and protection but is not rigid like bone
cartilage
moves food through the digestive system
smooth muscle
causes the heart to beat
cardiac muscle
the circulation of blood between your heart and lungs
pulmonary circulation
the circulation between the heart and the rest of the body
systemic circulation
blood vessels that direct blood to the heart
veins
absorb fluid and any particles too large to enter the blood capillaries
lymph capillaries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
artery
a collection of organs that collect extracellular fluid and return it to the blood
lymphatic system
have valves,this is where the lymph capillaries carry the lymph to
lymphatic vessels
small masses of soft tissue located at the back of the nasal cavity, on the inside of the throat, and at the back of the tongue
tonsil
a lymph organ that produces lymphocytes
thymus
contain small fibers that work like nets to remove particles from the lymph
lymph nodes
dome-shaped muscle underneath the lungs
diaphram
an organ that filters blood and produces lymphocytes
spleen
a saclike organ that takes oxygen from the air and delivers it to the blood
lung
windpipe
trachea
the two tubes that connect the lungs with the trachea
bronchus
the uppers portion of the throat
pharynx
the area of the throat that contains the vocal cords
larynx
a muscular tube that helps with digestine
small intestine
organ between the stomach and small intestine that produces enzymes for chemical digestion
pancreas
organ that stores bile
gall bladder
organ that produces bile and stores nutrients
liver
organ of the digestive tract that is attached to the lower end of the esophagus
stomach
a organ the reabsorbs water from the digestive tract and stores, compacts, and eliminates indigestible material from the body
large intestine
the opening at the end of the digestive tract through which feces pass to the outside
anus
the last section of the large intestine, where fecal material is stored until it can be expelled from the body
rectum
organs located around the mouth that produce a liquid that begins chemical digestion
salivary glands
a slender tube that carries urine from each kidney to the urinary bladder
ureter
organ that removes many harmful substances from the blood
kidney
a slender tube that carries urine to the outside
urethra
a collection of organs that remove waste from the blood
urinary system
blood vessels that direct blood to the heart
vein
a microscopic filter in the kidney that removes a variety of harmful substances from the blood
nephron
includes your brain and spinal cord
central nervous system
a system that consists of communication pathways, or nerves, that connect all areas of your body
peripheral nervous system
your ___ ___ increases the rate at which you use energy
thyroid gland
a fiber that travels information to other cells
axon
on the end of some axons there are branches that are called ___
axon terminal
short branched extensions that sends information to the neuron
dendtrite
the ___ ___ secretes hormones that affect other glands and organs
pituitary gland
the electrical message that pass along the neurons
impulses
transfers messages throughout your body in the form of fast-moving electical energy
neurons
the ___ ___ regulates the immune system, which helps your body fight disease
thymus gland
the ___ , in females, produce hormones involve with reproduction
ovaries
the ___ , in males, produce hormones involve with reproduction
testes
the ___ glands regulate calcium levels in the blood.
parathryoid
the tube that leads from the ovary to the uterus
fallopian tube
a tube in males where sperm is mixed with fluids to make semen
vas defernens