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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the genetic material found in all living cells that contains the information needed for an organism to grow, maintain itself, and reproduce
a structure formed when the DNA in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell condenses before the cell divides
the physical structure in a cell that contains the cell's genetic material
cell cycle
the normal sequence of growth, maintenance, and division in a cell
the period in the cell cycle in which a cell grows, maintains itself, and prepares for division
the cell's DNA is copied during interphase
the phase in the cell cycle during which the nucleus divides
chromosomes condense:
nuclear membrane disappears
long strands of DNA condense to distinct chromosomes, each with two chromatids that are exact copie
chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
chromosomes separate:
chromatids of each chromosome split into two separate chromosomes
separated chromosomes pull to the opposite ends of the cell
nuclei form; new nuclear membranes form
the division of a parent cell's cytoplasm following mitosis
asexual reproduction
the process by which a single organism produces offspring that have the same genetic material
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction by which some single-celled organisms reproduce
the genetic material is copied, and one cell divides into two independent cells that are each a copy of the original cell
EXAMPLE: Prokaryotes such as bacteria reproduce by binary fission.
in some organisms, the process by which certain cells produce new tissue growth at the site of a wound or lost limb
a form of asexual reproduction