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11 Cards in this Set

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aerobe
any organism that uses oxogen for respiration
anaerobe
any organism that is able to live without any oxogen
antibiotic
chemicals produced by some bacteria that are used to limit the growth of other bacteria
endospore
thick walled protective structure produced by a pathogen when conditions are unfavorable for survival
fission
simplest form of asexual reproductoin in which two new cells are produced with genetic material identical to each other and identical to the previous cell
flagella
wiplike tails of many bacteria that help them move around in moist conditions
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
bacteria that convert nitrogen in the air in two forms that can be used by plants and animals
pathogen
disease producing organism
saprophyte
organism that feeds on dead or decaing tissues of other organisms
toxin
poisiness produed by some pathogens
vaccine
preparation made from killed bacteria or damaged particals from bacterial cell walls that can prevent some bacterial diseases