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29 Cards in this Set

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Uses in the Body- Carbohydrates
Use them for quick energy and structural support.
Uses in the body- Lipids
Insulation, protective covering, water proofing,and long term energy storage.
Uses in the Body- Nucleic Acids
Genetic code and makes protines
Uses in the Body- Protines
Transports oxygen, metabolism
Units that make up Carbohydrates
glueclose
Units that make up Lipids
Fatty acids linked with a molecules of gycerol.
Units which make un Nucleic Acids
Nuclitides
Units that make up Protines
Amino acids (20 different amino acides)
Elements in Carbohydrates
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Elements in Lipids
Oxygen, Carbon, hydrogen
Elements in Nucleic Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Phos.
Elements in Protines
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulfer and Nitrogen.
Carbohydrates-

Monosaccharides
One sugar
Carbohydrates-

Disaccharides
Polymer 2 sugars
Carbohydrates-

Polysaccharides
Many sugars
Lipids-

Saturated-
Single bond between carbon, butter and some meats.
Unsaterated
One double bond, Veggie oil, and peanut butter.
Polunsaterated
2 or more double bonds.
Parts of Nucleotide-
Sugar phosphate and Nitrogen base.
Protine structure-
amino acid linked by protines
Denaturing-
The change has no more reaction.
Examples Of Carbohydrates
Sucrose, frutose, gluclose
Examples of Lipids
Fats oils waxes, steriods
Examples of Nucleic Acids
DNA AND RNA
Examples of Protines
Hemoglobin, insoline, andtibodies.
What features of carbon make it an "ideal" element to construct the skeleton of our biomolecules?
It can bond with many other elements.
What is the name for the processs that makes monomers into polymers?
Condunsation reaction.
What is the name for the process that breaks down polymers?
Hydrolisis
How are hydrogen bonds formed and how is it related to a molecules being "polar"?
bc it can bond with other elements.